Neonatal neuroimaging and predictive value for developmental outcomes

June 26, 2018

In multivariate analyses, adverse late cranial ultrasound findings (CUS) were an independent risk factor for full scale IQ scores 70 (FSIQ 70). Adverse late cranial ultrasound findings and adverse findings on MRI were independent risk factors for moderate-to-severe disability (MTSD).

Nearly Half of All Pediatric Buprenorphine Exposures Result in Hospitalization

June 25, 2018

The majority of buprenorphine exposures in children 19 years and younger reported to the National Poison Data System (NPDS) were among children 6 years old and unintentional. However, the majority of exposures among adolescents aged 13 to 19 years were intentional and more commonly involved multiple substances.

Study suggests that diabetes can be accurately diagnosed from a single blood sample

June 22, 2018

Single blood sample looking at fasting glucose and HbA1c was a key predictor of subsequent diagnosis of diabetes.

Drug treatment associated with a significant reduction in death risk following opioid overdose

June 22, 2018

Buprenorphine and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) was associated with reduced death in opioid users.

Prenatal antidepressant exposure may increase risk of poor motor development

June 21, 2018

A meta-analysis of 18 studies examining the association of prenatal antidepressant exposure with motor development in children showed a small overall effect of worse motor development outcomes among children exposed to antidepressants in pregnancy.

Failures in using personal protective equipment are commonly observed

June 20, 2018

In this qualitative study, active failures in infectious agent transmission precaution practices were observed frequently.

Disparities in adolescent physical activity between sex, race, and income

June 20, 2018

In this study of the patterns of physical activity in adolescents and young adults, young age, white race, and higher income were all associated with greater physical activity.

Prognosis of extremely premature infants linked to inherent selection bias

June 19, 2018

Demographic data, such as larger birth weight and female gender, of infants born at 23 weeks' gestation were shown to influence the chance that active resuscitation was initiated.

Lack of superiority of rivaroxaban for secondary prevention of embolic stroke of undetermined source

June 19, 2018

At a median follow-up of eleven months, rivaroxaban was not superior to aspirin for prevention of secondary stroke after an initial primary embolic stroke of undetermined source.

Medications with depression as a possible adverse effect associated with increased risk

June 15, 2018

In this cross-sectional study, the use of medications with depression as an adverse effect was associated with a higher prevalence of depression while a similar association was not observed for medications without depression as a possible side effect.