Rates of neurodevelopmental impairment unchanged in infants born ≤500g in Japan

November 16, 2018

Accurate data on long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes is critical for families and physicians to make informed decisions regarding resuscitation and care of these infants.

Sensitive cardiac injury marker could reduce stress testing for myocardial ischemia

November 12, 2018

Routine surveillance stress testing is often costly and overused. Furthermore, current guidelines recommend against routine stress testing in patients with stable ischemic CAD, unless the purpose of the test is to assess new or progressive symptoms.

Symptom improvement after concussion in pediatrics expected within four weeks

November 12, 2018

In this large, pre-planned secondary analysis of a prospective multi-center cohort study, the majority of symptom improvement was consistently seen in the first week after concussion.

Inhaled inorganic nitrites do not improve exercise capacity in HFpEF

November 09, 2018

Past studies have suggested the possible utility of organic nitrates/inorganic nitrites in treating Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction.

Organic food consumption linked to reduced cancer risk

November 07, 2018

This study is a prospective cohort that evaluated self-reported organic food consumption and incidence of cancer, while adjusting for known cancer risk factors.

Outcomes of hypertension treatment in low-risk patients

November 05, 2018

The benefit of treating low-risk patients with mild (sustained blood pressure of 140/90-159/99mmHg) hypertension is not clear as these patients are not frequently included in trials given the low incidence rate of major cardiovascular events.

Sildenafil does not improve QoL for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients treated with nintedanib

November 02, 2018

In patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and a low diffusion capacity for carbon dioxide (DLCO), the addition of sildenafil to a treatment regimen of nintedanib did not improve quality of life scores after 12 weeks compared to treatment with nintedanib and a placebo.

Gastric bypass most effective for weight loss among common bariatric procedures

October 31, 2018

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was found to be the most effective bariatric procedure reviewed in this study in terms of patient weight loss.

ACP updates policy recommendations for reducing gun-related injuries, deaths

October 30, 2018

The American College of Physicians (ACP) revises and expands on current policy recommendations regarding gun-related injuries and deaths.

Medical vaccine exemptions increase after elimination of nonmedical exemptions

October 29, 2018

After California eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school-entry vaccinations in 2015, the proportion of kindergarten students who received all required vaccines rose from 92.8% to 95.1%, but the rates of medical exemptions increased 250%.