Smoking

Death Risk Assessed With Contemporary Tobacco Product Use

By February 21, 2018

For current non-daily cigarette smokers, there were statistically significant associations with death from lung cancer, oral cancer, circulatory death, cardiovascular death, cerebrovascular death (stroke), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Targeting Harm Perceptions Could Cut Teen E-Cigarette Use

February 12, 2018

Perceived harm from secondhand e-cigarette vapor showed similar patterns. Adolescents who use e-cigarettes are more likely to initiate using tobacco products than those who do not use e-cigarettes.

Do the Benefits of Smoking Cessation Tx Decrease Over Time?

By January 31, 2018

Benefits of smoking cessation medications decline over the first year.

How E-Cigarette Smoke May Damage DNA, Inhibit Repair

January 30, 2018

"These results indicate that nicotine nitrosation occurs in vivo in mice and that e-cigarette smoke is carcinogenic to the murine lung and bladder and harmful to the murine heart," the authors write.

Smokers Display Distorted Temporal Perception of Health Consequences

January 29, 2018

For both smokers and nonsmokers, the onset time estimates for mild conditions were associated with self-perceptions of risk and fear level of developing smoking-related conditions.

Study Examines Light Smoking Impact on Heart Disease, Stroke Risk

January 25, 2018

The researchers found that the pooled relative risk for coronary heart disease was 1.48 and 2.04, respectively, for smoking 1 and 20 cigarettes per day for men.

Smoking Prevalence in U.S. Didn't Significantly Change From 2015 to 2016

January 23, 2018

The researchers found that the prevalence of current cigarette smoking was 15.5% among adults in 2016, which marked a significant decline from 20.9% in 2005.

Noncigarette tobacco product use is associated with future cigarette smoking

January 04, 2018

Never-cigarette-smoking youths who initiated tobacco use with noncigarette products including e-cigarettes, hookahs, noncigarette combustible tobacco, or smokeless tobacco were more likely to smoke cigarettes in the following year than those who did not use noncigarette tobacco.

Are Pharmaceutical Aids for Smoking Cessation Effective?

January 02, 2018

No evidence that varenicline, bupropion, or nicotine replacement increase probability of abstinence

Higher Fruit Intake May Delay Lung Function Decline, Especially in Ex-Smokers

December 26, 2017

Apple, banana, tomato intake linked to slower decline in forced vital capacity in ex-smokers

Smoking Cessation Drug Linked to Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Events

By December 20, 2017

The researchers analyzed the medical records of 56,851 new users of varenicline.

CDC Report Examines Tobacco Use By Industry, Occupation

October 30, 2017

The researchers found that 22.1% of working adults currently used any form of tobacco; 15.4, 5.8, 3, and 3.6% used cigarettes, other combustible tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and electronic cigarettes, respectively

NY State Bans E-Cigarette Use Where Tobacco Smoking Is Prohibited

By October 24, 2017

Studies into the long-term health impact of e-cigarettes - which usually contain nicotine - are limited but of the studies that have been completed, there have been mixed results.

Smoking May Affect Genetic Link to Parkinson's Disease

October 24, 2017

"Our study provides the first evidence that smoking modifies the previously reported inverse association of rs660895-G with PD, and suggests that smoking and HLA-DRB1 are involved in common pathways, possibly related to neuroinflammation," conclude the authors.

Changing Marijuana Laws May Mean More Screening, Counseling Needed

October 10, 2017

In the changing legal environment, pediatric physicians must review their approach to screening for marijuana use and discussing the associated health consequences

Breath Sensor, App Combo Provide Novel Approach to Smoking Cessation

By October 06, 2017

The Carbon Monoxide Breath Sensor System (COBSS) informs the user how breath carbon monoxide levels are affected by their smoking behavior.

E-Cigarette Switch Strategy Linked to Fewer Premature Deaths

October 04, 2017

Under pessimistic model, 1.6 million premature deaths prevented, 20.8 million fewer life-years lost

Increase in Atrial Stiffness During First 30-Minutes of Post E-Cig Inhalation

September 12, 2017

The researchers found that during the first 30 minutes following e-cigarette inhalation with nicotine, there was a significant increase in blood pressure, heart rate and arterial stiffness.

Why the FDA's Novel Plan for Nicotine Is a Step in the Right Direction

August 23, 2017

To put the scourge of conventional cigarettes in context, smoking kills 15 times more Americans per year than opioids.

Few Hospitalized CHD Patients Receive Smoking Cessation Therapy

August 22, 2017

Overall, 22.7 percent received smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, most often the nicotine patch

Smoking Up Among Some Populations During Pregnancy

August 15, 2017

Over the study period, smoking during pregnancy increased significantly among women with MDE (35.9 to 38.4%; P=0.02), while a decreasing trend among women without MDE only approached statistical significance (12.5 to 9.1%; P=0.07).

Marijuana Use May Increase Risk of Death from Hypertension

August 10, 2017

Over 19,569 person-years of follow-up, the adjusted hazard ratios for death from hypertension among marijuana users was 3.42 (95% confidence interval, 1.20 to 9.79).

FDA Details Policy Plans for Regulating Tobacco Products

By July 28, 2017

The Agency believes decreasing nicotine levels could reduce the risk that future generations will become addicted to cigarettes in addition to allowing current addicts to quit.

Smoking Cessation Med Use Low in Older Patients After MI

July 21, 2017

Ninety-seven percent of smoking patients with MI received counseling, but few have SCM use

Gender May Impact Efficacy of Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapy

By July 19, 2017

The data showed TNP was significantly more effective vs. no medication assisted quit attempts for males (odds ratio [OR] 1.37, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.83; P=0.03) but not for females (OR 0.96, 95% CI: 0.71, 1.31; P=0.82).

CDC: One in Four Youth-Rated Movies Depict Tobacco Use

By July 07, 2017

Results showed that although incidents of tobacco use declined in youth-rated movies (from 31% in 2010 to 26% in 2016), in PG-13 movies alone, there was a significant jump of 43% from 2010 to 2016 (from 564 tobacco incidents to 809).

Impact of E-Cigarettes on Weight, Metabolic Parameters Examined

July 05, 2017

Even without nicotine exposure, similar delirious effects for e-cigarettes, traditional tobacco cigarettes

CDC: 'Health of the Nation' 40th Annual Report Published

June 30, 2017

Report includes trends of data for past 40 years, with increase in life expectancy, drop in infant mortality

IV Lipid Emulsion for Bupropion Poisoning: Is it Beneficial?

By June 26, 2017

Researchers examined electronic records from one regional poison center for cases of intentional bupropion ingestion between January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2015. Reports that cited IV lipid emulsion administration or death as an outcome were further evaluated.

CDC: Number of Teens Vaping, Smoking Decreasing

June 16, 2017

Among white and Hispanic high school students, e-cigarettes were the most commonly used product.