Smoking

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

September 13, 2018

All of these brands - JUUL, Vuse, MarkTen, blu e-cigs, and Logic - made up the majority of products sold illegally to minors, the agency said.

Anti-Nicotine Monoclonal Antibody Gets Orphan Drug Status for Buerger's Disease

By September 05, 2018

Buerger's disease is a nonatherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory disorder that affects small and medium vessels of the upper and lower extremities and is strongly associated with tobacco exposure.

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on Lungs

August 29, 2018

Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.

Marijuana Detected in Breast Milk Up to 6 Days After Maternal Use

By August 28, 2018

The legalization of marijuana in several states has led to increased use of the drug for both medicinal and recreational purposes.

E-cigarette use common, especially among younger adults and the LBGTQ community

August 28, 2018

Adults within the LBGTQ community more likely to use e-cigarettes. 2. Participants with chronic health conditions and current combustible cigarette smokers also had higher rates of e-cigarette use.

One in 7 US adults used marijuana in 2017

August 28, 2018

Adults aged 18 to 34 had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared to all other age groups.

Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use 4.5% in US Adults

August 28, 2018

The researchers found that 15,240 of the 466,842 participants with information on e-cigarette use were current e-cigarette smokers, a prevalence of 4.5%, which corresponds to 10.8 million adult users in the United States.

Odds of Marijuana Use Up With Nausea, Vomiting in Pregnancy

August 27, 2018

The prevalence of prenatal marijuana use was 5.3% by self-report or toxicologic test findings; prevalence was greater among females with severe and mild versus no NVP (11.3 and 8.4, respectively, vs 4.5%).

FDA Bans E-Cig Liquid Products That Look Like Snacks, Candies

August 24, 2018

Labels and ads for the nicotine-containing e-liquids were false or misleading, and potentially dangerous

Information Lacking on Effect of Prenatal Use of Marijuana

August 23, 2018

Large retrospective, prospective trials are needed to understand effects of prenatal exposure

Studies needed to determine the effects of marijuana use in pregnancy

August 21, 2018

Pregnant women who screened positive for marijuana often also tested positive for at least 1 other substance.

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

August 07, 2018

The AMA is urging the federal government to move quickly to regulate e-cigarettes and require manufacturers to list the ingredients and nicotine content clearly on product labels, as well as a warning of the addictive quality of nicotine.

Can E-Cigarettes Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts?

August 02, 2018

E-cigarette use was 9.8% among current smokers, 1.1% among former smokers, and 0.6% among nonsmokers.

Aldehydes Dominant Carcinogen in Tobacco Smoke

July 30, 2018

Additionally, DNA repair activity and the abundance of repair proteins, XPC and OGG1/2, in lung tissues are reduced by tobacco smoke.

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

July 25, 2018

Overall, 29.2% of US adults agreed that smoking marijuana prevents health problems. About 18 and 7.6% believe that exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke is somewhat or completely safe for adults and children, respectively.

Modifiable Midlife Risk Factors Linked to Late-Onset Epilepsy

July 25, 2018

"Although stroke and dementia were both associated with late-onset epilepsy, vascular and lifestyle risk factors were significant even in the absence of stroke or dementia," the authors write.

Misleading Popular Videos Impact Attitudes About Tobacco

July 11, 2018

"In the context of our findings, young adults should be trained in identifying and resisting contents that appear on social media, but share many of the characteristics of peer pressure to use unhealthy products," the authors write.

Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production

July 03, 2018

Insufficient evidence for link between marijuana and pulmonary function, obstructive lung disease

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

June 26, 2018

No significant differences in increases were seen across adult ages 18 to 64 years; the increases ranged between 1 and 2 percentage points.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

June 20, 2018

Among youth, there has been an increase in the use of nicotine-delivering electronic cigarettes worldwide. In addition to physical dependence, youth are susceptible to the social and environmental influences to use electronic cigarettes.

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

June 19, 2018

These correlations were similar in size to the autoregressive link between PS from ages 15 to 16. There was a statistically significant association for PS at age 15 years with cannabis use at age 16 years.

CDC: Many High School Students Engage in Health-Risk Behaviors

June 19, 2018

Many high school students were engaged in behaviors associated with chronic disease; 8.8% had smoked cigarettes and 13.2% had used an electronic vapor product on at least 1 day during the past 30 days.

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

June 15, 2018

The researchers found that freshly isolated endothelial cells from participants who use non-menthol- or menthol-flavored tobacco cigarettes showed impaired A23187-stimulated nitric oxide production.

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

June 14, 2018

Participants were randomized to either the control arm (893 participants) and received standard smoking cessation pharmacotherapy and behavioral support or to the preloading arm (899 adults) who received the same treatment supplemented by four weeks of 21mg nicotine patch use before quitting.

2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

June 11, 2018

The researchers found that from 2011 to 2017 there was a decrease in current use of any tobacco product among high school students, from 24.2 to 19.6%, and from 7.5 to 5.6% among middle school students.

Some Evidence Mobile Health Interventions Can Lower CVD Risk

June 08, 2018

mHealth programs generally improve overall cardiovascular disease risk, at least in the short term

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

June 07, 2018

The FDA suggests that 5 million adult smokers could quit within 1 year of implementation; furthermore, 33 million people could avoid becoming regular smokers by the end of the century.

Parental cannabis use increasing, cigarette use decreasing

May 14, 2018

Current cannabis use among parents with children at home increased from 4.9% to 6.8% while current cigarette use declined from 27.6% to 20.2% from 2002-2015, as measured by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Reported Cannabis Use Up in Parents With Children in Home

May 14, 2018

Data were obtained from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health from 2002 to 2015. The researchers did not have information on the method of cannabis use (ie, smoking versus edible forms).

Tobacco Cessation Support Lacking in Mental Health Facilities

May 14, 2018

The researchers found that 48.9% of mental health treatment facilities reported screening patients for tobacco use in 2016; 37.6, 25.2, and 21.5% offered tobacco cessation counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, and non-nicotine tobacco cessation medications, respectively.