Smoking

More US Teens Are Vaping, but Use of Opioids, Alcohol Falling

December 18, 2018

Vaping among American teenagers increased dramatically in 2018, with nearly two of every five high school seniors reporting they had tried an electronic cigarette during the past year.

FDA: E-Liquids Found to Contain Undeclared Prescription Drugs

By December 12, 2018

Sildenafil and tadalafil can interact with nitrates found in some prescription drugs, such as nitroglycerin, and may lower blood pressure to dangerous levels.

Consensus Decision Pathway Developed for Tobacco Cessation

December 12, 2018

Clinicians and practices should establish a team-based care system that recognizes cigarette smoking as a chronic relapsing substance use disorder caused by nicotine addiction.

Smoking Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia

December 10, 2018

In unadjusted analysis, smoking was identified as a significant risk factor for lower total cognitive functional score and lower MASQ subscale scores in language, verbal memory, visual-spatial memory, and attention.

Experts Offer Tips on Integrating Medical Marijuana Into Geriatric Practice

By November 26, 2018

A study by the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) found that from 2002-2014 the proportion of adults aged 50 to 64 who reported cannabis use in the past year more than tripled from 2.9% to 9.0%. Among adults age 65 or older, there was more than a ten-fold increase (from 0.2% to 2.1%).

Marijuana exposure common in children of tobacco smokers

November 19, 2018

While previous studies have suggested that in-utero and early childhood exposure to marijuana smoke may have long-term health consequences, less is known about the prevalence of such exposure.

FDA Proposes New Restrictions on Sale of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

By November 15, 2018

The announcement comes in the wake of results from the 2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey which showed a 78% increase in current e-cigarette use among high school students from 2017 to 2018.

FDA to Ban Most Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

November 12, 2018

The latest measures come after months of meetings between the FDA and e-cigarette makers on how to reduce teen use of the devices.

E-cigarette users have greater odds of subsequent cigarette use

November 05, 2018

Compared to students who did not use e-cigarettes, a greater proportion of students who used e-cigarettes at baseline had initiated cigarette use on follow-up, and these students had approximately 4-fold higher odds for initiation of cigarette use.

FDA Seizes Documents From E-Cigarette Maker JUUL

October 04, 2018

The surprise inspection at JUUL's San Francisco headquarters last week occurred a few weeks after the FDA told e-cigarette makers they have 60 days to submit plans on how to reduce youth use of their products.

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by 'Pod Mods'

September 26, 2018

The noxious taste and sensations of the initial smoking experience, which deter some from smoking, is not present in pod mods, which is a factor in their addictiveness.

FDA Ad Campaign Hopes to Halt E-Cigarette Use Among Teens

September 19, 2018

In addition, the FDA wants to be sure young people are aware that e-cigarettes can contain dangerous chemicals such as acrolein, a chemical that can cause irreversible lung damage; formaldehyde, a cancer-causing chemical; and toxic metal particles like chromium, lead and nickel, which can be inhaled into the lungs.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

September 13, 2018

All of these brands - JUUL, Vuse, MarkTen, blu e-cigs, and Logic - made up the majority of products sold illegally to minors, the agency said.

Anti-Nicotine Monoclonal Antibody Gets Orphan Drug Status for Buerger's Disease

By September 05, 2018

Buerger's disease is a nonatherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory disorder that affects small and medium vessels of the upper and lower extremities and is strongly associated with tobacco exposure.

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on Lungs

August 29, 2018

Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.

Marijuana Detected in Breast Milk Up to 6 Days After Maternal Use

By August 28, 2018

The legalization of marijuana in several states has led to increased use of the drug for both medicinal and recreational purposes.

E-cigarette use common, especially among younger adults and the LBGTQ community

August 28, 2018

Adults within the LBGTQ community more likely to use e-cigarettes. 2. Participants with chronic health conditions and current combustible cigarette smokers also had higher rates of e-cigarette use.

One in 7 US adults used marijuana in 2017

August 28, 2018

Adults aged 18 to 34 had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared to all other age groups.

Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use 4.5% in US Adults

August 28, 2018

The researchers found that 15,240 of the 466,842 participants with information on e-cigarette use were current e-cigarette smokers, a prevalence of 4.5%, which corresponds to 10.8 million adult users in the United States.

Odds of Marijuana Use Up With Nausea, Vomiting in Pregnancy

August 27, 2018

The prevalence of prenatal marijuana use was 5.3% by self-report or toxicologic test findings; prevalence was greater among females with severe and mild versus no NVP (11.3 and 8.4, respectively, vs 4.5%).

FDA Bans E-Cig Liquid Products That Look Like Snacks, Candies

August 24, 2018

Labels and ads for the nicotine-containing e-liquids were false or misleading, and potentially dangerous

Information Lacking on Effect of Prenatal Use of Marijuana

August 23, 2018

Large retrospective, prospective trials are needed to understand effects of prenatal exposure

Studies needed to determine the effects of marijuana use in pregnancy

August 21, 2018

Pregnant women who screened positive for marijuana often also tested positive for at least 1 other substance.

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

August 07, 2018

The AMA is urging the federal government to move quickly to regulate e-cigarettes and require manufacturers to list the ingredients and nicotine content clearly on product labels, as well as a warning of the addictive quality of nicotine.

Can E-Cigarettes Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts?

August 02, 2018

E-cigarette use was 9.8% among current smokers, 1.1% among former smokers, and 0.6% among nonsmokers.

Aldehydes Dominant Carcinogen in Tobacco Smoke

July 30, 2018

Additionally, DNA repair activity and the abundance of repair proteins, XPC and OGG1/2, in lung tissues are reduced by tobacco smoke.

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

July 25, 2018

Overall, 29.2% of US adults agreed that smoking marijuana prevents health problems. About 18 and 7.6% believe that exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke is somewhat or completely safe for adults and children, respectively.

Modifiable Midlife Risk Factors Linked to Late-Onset Epilepsy

July 25, 2018

"Although stroke and dementia were both associated with late-onset epilepsy, vascular and lifestyle risk factors were significant even in the absence of stroke or dementia," the authors write.

Misleading Popular Videos Impact Attitudes About Tobacco

July 11, 2018

"In the context of our findings, young adults should be trained in identifying and resisting contents that appear on social media, but share many of the characteristics of peer pressure to use unhealthy products," the authors write.