Smoking

Misleading Popular Videos Impact Attitudes About Tobacco

July 11, 2018

"In the context of our findings, young adults should be trained in identifying and resisting contents that appear on social media, but share many of the characteristics of peer pressure to use unhealthy products," the authors write.

Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production

July 03, 2018

Insufficient evidence for link between marijuana and pulmonary function, obstructive lung disease

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

June 26, 2018

No significant differences in increases were seen across adult ages 18 to 64 years; the increases ranged between 1 and 2 percentage points.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

June 20, 2018

Among youth, there has been an increase in the use of nicotine-delivering electronic cigarettes worldwide. In addition to physical dependence, youth are susceptible to the social and environmental influences to use electronic cigarettes.

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

June 19, 2018

These correlations were similar in size to the autoregressive link between PS from ages 15 to 16. There was a statistically significant association for PS at age 15 years with cannabis use at age 16 years.

CDC: Many High School Students Engage in Health-Risk Behaviors

June 19, 2018

Many high school students were engaged in behaviors associated with chronic disease; 8.8% had smoked cigarettes and 13.2% had used an electronic vapor product on at least 1 day during the past 30 days.

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

June 15, 2018

The researchers found that freshly isolated endothelial cells from participants who use non-menthol- or menthol-flavored tobacco cigarettes showed impaired A23187-stimulated nitric oxide production.

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

June 14, 2018

Participants were randomized to either the control arm (893 participants) and received standard smoking cessation pharmacotherapy and behavioral support or to the preloading arm (899 adults) who received the same treatment supplemented by four weeks of 21mg nicotine patch use before quitting.

2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

June 11, 2018

The researchers found that from 2011 to 2017 there was a decrease in current use of any tobacco product among high school students, from 24.2 to 19.6%, and from 7.5 to 5.6% among middle school students.

Some Evidence Mobile Health Interventions Can Lower CVD Risk

June 08, 2018

mHealth programs generally improve overall cardiovascular disease risk, at least in the short term

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

June 07, 2018

The FDA suggests that 5 million adult smokers could quit within 1 year of implementation; furthermore, 33 million people could avoid becoming regular smokers by the end of the century.

Parental cannabis use increasing, cigarette use decreasing

May 14, 2018

Current cannabis use among parents with children at home increased from 4.9% to 6.8% while current cigarette use declined from 27.6% to 20.2% from 2002-2015, as measured by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Reported Cannabis Use Up in Parents With Children in Home

May 14, 2018

Data were obtained from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health from 2002 to 2015. The researchers did not have information on the method of cannabis use (ie, smoking versus edible forms).

Tobacco Cessation Support Lacking in Mental Health Facilities

May 14, 2018

The researchers found that 48.9% of mental health treatment facilities reported screening patients for tobacco use in 2016; 37.6, 25.2, and 21.5% offered tobacco cessation counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, and non-nicotine tobacco cessation medications, respectively.

Child Secondhand Pot + Tobacco Exposure Ups Risk for ER Visits

May 07, 2018

The rate of emergency department visitation was similar for all groups, except the marijuana plus tobacco group, which had a significantly higher rate of emergency department visits compared with controls.

Five Healthy Lifestyle Habits Could Add >10 Years to Life

April 30, 2018

Reduced risk for all-cause, cancer, cardiovascular mortality for adults with five vs. zero low-risk factors

Pros and Cons for E-Cigarettes As Aid to Smoking Cessation

April 26, 2018

The authors note that e-cigarettes seem to double the likelihood of achieving abstinence and are as effective as nicotine replacement therapy for supporting cessation.

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

By April 24, 2018

In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.

Teens' e-cigarette use independently linked to future marijuana use

April 23, 2018

Among adolescents aged 12-17 years, e-cigarette use was linked with new onset marijuana use one year later, as determined by a large longitudinal survey.

Pediatric Exposures to Liquid Nicotine Down From 2015 to 2016

April 23, 2018

Comparing the 9 months before with the nine months after the federal child-resistant packaging law went into effect, there was a significant decrease in the mean number of exposures among states without a preexisting law requiring child-resistant packaging, averaging 4.4 fewer exposures per state after law implementation.

Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

April 19, 2018

Data were reviewed from 69 studies of 2,152 cannabis users (mean age, 20.6 years) and 6,575 comparison participants (mean age, 20.8 years) with minimal cannabis exposure.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

April 16, 2018

The researchers found that, compared with never smoking, current smoking was associated with higher mean left ventricular (LV) mass index and lower mean LV circumferential strain after adjustment for confounding factors

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

April 12, 2018

Compared with men in the top income group, men in the bottom income group (poorest 20% of the population) would gain 6.7 times more life years (155 versus 23 million). For each smoker in the bottom income group, the average life years gained from cessation was 5.1 times that of the top group (1.46 versus 0.23 years).

Cannabis Compound Transfers to Breast Milk

April 10, 2018

The researchers found that delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol was detected at low concentrations at all the time points beyond time 0, but no metabolites were detected at any time point.

Cannabis Use Tied to Increased Likelihood of Cigarette Smoking

April 06, 2018

Long-term data show increased initiation of, persistence of, and relapse to cigarette smoking

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

April 02, 2018

The researchers found that receptivity to any advertising was high at wave 1 for those aged 12 to 14 years (44%) and highest for those aged 18 to 21 years (68.7%).

Scale of Online Marketplace for Marijuana Increasing

March 30, 2018

From 2005 to 2017, the subset of marijuana searches on Google indicative of shopping increased 199%: During June 2017 there were 1.4 to 2.4 million marijuana shopping searches.

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

March 29, 2018

The more chemicals in an e-liquid, the more toxic it was likely to be; in addition, vanillin was associated with elevated toxicity values. There was a correlation for the concentration of cinnamaldehyde and vanillin, but not triacetin, with toxicity.

Use of E-Cigarettes May Hurt Efforts to Quit Smoking

March 28, 2018

Findings based on a study of patients trying to quit smoking following hospital discharge

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

March 27, 2018

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months.