Respiratory Stimulants

Inhaled Nitric Oxide Examined for Lowering Neonate Mortality

February 09, 2018

The researchers identified 993 neonates (2.6%) who received iNO among 37,909 neonates in the study sample. A total of 971 patients were included in each of the two matched cohorts.

Removing Behavioral Interventions May Up Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

October 11, 2017

The researchers found that the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing decreased in control clinics from 14.2 to 11.8% during the post-intervention period (absolute difference, −2.4%).

Nintedanib Effective in IPF Regardless of Disease Severity

By October 24, 2016

Two post-hoc analyses have demonstrated efficacy of nintedanib in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), regardless of a patient's disease severity at the start of the trials.

Which Drugs Have Positive, Negative Impacts on Sleep Apnea?

By October 19, 2016

A new review of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and potential underlying drug interactions, has identified drugs that exacerbate OSA and should be avoided.

High-Flow Therapy vs. CPAP in Preemies with Respiratory Distress

September 22, 2016

For preterm infants with early respiratory distress, high-flow therapy used as primary support is associated with a higher rate of treatment failure than continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Higher A-Fib Risks For Sleep Apnea Patients With Pacemakers

May 06, 2016

Patients with pacemakers and sleep apnea are at much greater risk for atrial fibrillation, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Heart Rhythm Society.

Xylitol-Based Nasal Care Products Available OTC

By April 20, 2016

Xlear have announced that their line of xylitol-based products for adults with upper respiratory problems will be available at 1,300 Target stores nationwide.

Why Lifestyle Modifications Should be Essential Additions to CPAP Initiation

March 16, 2016

For patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), initiation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with a reduction in basal metabolic rate (BMR).

Neurocognitive Functions Impacted in Kids With Sleep-Disordered Breathing

March 14, 2016

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has a deleterious impact in children, affecting neurocognitive functioning, according to a study published online in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Many Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Cases are Going Underrecognized

February 23, 2016

The period prevalence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is 10.4% in intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, according to a study published online February 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with the Society of Critical Care Medicine's 45th Critical Care Congress.

Study Examines Low Rate of CPAP Usage Among Sleep Apnea Patients

January 11, 2016

For patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea under a copayment health care system, obstacles other than finances are primarily responsible for reduced purchase of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices, according to a study published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

After Early Adenotonsillectomy for OSAS, Greater Weight Gain

July 30, 2014

For children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), early adenotonsillectomy (eAT) is associated with greater weight gain.

Breath-Actuated, Handheld Nebulizers Yield Similar Results

April 04, 2014

There are no significant clinical differences between the use of a breath-actuated nebulizer and a handheld nebulizer for the treatment of wheezing or dyspnea among adults seen in the ER.

Residual Sleep Apnea Common After Adenotonsillectomy

September 13, 2013

For children younger than 3 years with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), residual OSA is relatively common after adenotonsillectomy (T&A).

Lung-Protective Ventilation Ups Outcomes Post-Abdominal Op

August 01, 2013

After major abdominal surgery, lung-protective ventilation with the use of low tidal volumes and positive end-expiratory pressure is associated with improved clinical outcomes.

Why Salt Works for Respiratory, Skin Disorders

July 21, 2013

Warm saltwater gargles for sore throats and salt poultices for soft-tissue infections are two of many commonly used salt therapies.

Need Care for Sleep Apnea? Your PCP Will Do Just Fine

March 13, 2013

A primary care physician's care for sleep apnea is just as good as a specialist center or university setting, according to a new study.

SCCM: Earlier Weaning With Tracheostomy Collar

January 23, 2013

For tracheotomized patients, unassisted breathing through a tracheostomy collar is associated with shorter median weaning time compared to pressure support.

SCCM: High-Frequency Oscillatory Volume in ARDS Studied

January 23, 2013

For patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), treatment with high-frequency oscillatory volume (HFOV) does not reduce mortality.

Good Long-Term Outcomes With CPAP for Extreme Preemies

December 27, 2012

For very premature infants there is no significant difference in death or neurodevelopmental impairment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus surfactant; however, lower oxygen-saturation targets cannot be recommended as mortality is still lower with higher oxygen saturation.

Better Outcomes for Ventilation With Lower Tidal Volumes

October 24, 2012

Protective ventilation with lower tidal volumes is associated with better clinical outcomes in patients without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Perinatal Complications

September 25, 2012

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with perinatal complications in obese pregnant women.

Long-Term Benefits of Gastric Bypass Surgery Evaluated

September 19, 2012

Studies look at diabetes incidence, impact on sleep apnea, long-term health-related costs

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Ups Cardio Risk in the Elderly

September 17, 2012

In the elderly, untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death, and adequate treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may reduce this risk.

Updated Recommendations for Sleep Apnea in Children

August 27, 2012

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is revising its recommendations for the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children and adolescents.

SLEEP: CPAP Ups Sexual Function for Men With Sleep Apnea

June 13, 2012

For men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is associated with an improvement in sexual function and satisfaction, with more robust improvements seen for men with baseline erectile dysfunction (ED).

ATS: Sleep Apnea Tied to Increased Risk of Cancer Death

May 21, 2012

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cancer mortality.