Psychiatric Disorders

AASM: Medical Marijuana Should Not Be Used to Treat Sleep Apnea

By April 16, 2018

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains the mainstay of medical treatment for OSA.

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

By April 16, 2018

If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.

Ridesharing Industry Needs to Do More to Promote Safety

By April 16, 2018

In a position statement, published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, the AASM urged both private and public stakeholders to do more to promote transport safety.

FDA to Review Opioid System Modulator for Major Depressive Disorder

By April 16, 2018

ALKS 5461 consists of a fixed-dose combination of buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid receptor agonist and kappa-opioid receptor antagonist, and samidorphan, a mu-opioid receptor antagonist.

Yoga, Mindfulness Aid Anxiety in Elementary School Children

April 16, 2018

Improvements in emotional, psychosocial quality of life seen with eight-week classroom intervention

Non-Stigmatizing Messages Boost Mental Health Services Support

April 13, 2018

Participants were randomly allocated to a control arm or to read 1 of 3 narratives about SMI emphasizing violence, systemic barriers to treatment, or successful treatment and recovery.

Politically-Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

April 13, 2018

"The findings suggest that politically-focused intrusive thoughts and ritualistic behaviors are associated with psychopathology domains in a manner comparable to general obsessive-compulsive symptoms," the authors write.

Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids

By April 12, 2018

Iatrogenic steroid-induced psychosis is a rare side effect of glucocorticoid therapy which is mostly seen in adults, although it has been reported in children and adolescents.

Higher Mortality Risk Seen for 'Night Owls'

April 12, 2018

Data were included in the study for 433,268 adults aged 38 to 73 years at the time of enrollment, who were followed for an average of 6.5 years.

New Drug-Free, Over-the-Counter Sleep-Aids Available

By April 11, 2018

The Pure Zzzs Melatonin Gummies contain 1mg of melatonin per gummy in addition to lavender, chamomile, valerian root, and lemon balm.

Higher Education, Depression, Pain Factors Associated With Opioid Misuse

April 10, 2018

However, only education, illicit drug use, depression, and pain interference with normal work were significant predictors of misuse.

One Night of Sleep Deprivation Linked to Amyloid-β Burden

April 10, 2018

These increases were associated with mood worsening after sleep deprivation; however, they were not associated with the genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (APOE genotype).

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

April 05, 2018

The researchers found that 45.3% of the 3,319 children included in the analysis had ADHD. Comorbid ADHD increased with age (P<0.001) and was associated with increased ASD severity.

Mood Disorders Up for Children of Consanguineous Parents

April 05, 2018

Compared with children of nonrelated parents, children of first-cousin consanguineous parents were more than 3 times as likely to be in receipt of antidepressant or anxiolytic medications.

Depressive Symptoms Tied to Diabetes Self-Management

April 04, 2018

At 6 months, changes in total social support and emotional social support were correlated only with self-efficacy of diabetes management.

Parent-Child Book Reading Tied to Psychosocial Benefits

March 29, 2018

The researchers found that PCBR interventions improved the psychosocial functioning of children and parents compared with controls (standardized mean difference, 0.185).

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

March 28, 2018

Vaccination rates were significantly lower among younger siblings of children with ASD

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adulthood With Autism

March 27, 2018

The researchers found that the number of mature neurons in the basal and accessory basal nuclei increased from childhood to adulthood in neurotypical development, which coincided with a decrease of immature neurons within the paralaminar nucleus.

Early Social Media Use May Harm Teen Girls' Well-Being

March 27, 2018

The researchers found that there are gender differences in the relationship between interacting on social media and well-being. Among females, there were significant correlations between interacting on social media and well-being.

Neural Markers of Depression Resilience ID'd in Female Teens

March 23, 2018

The researchers found that compared with converted adolescent females, those in the resilient group had greater connectivity between the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex and between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and frontotemporal regions.

Depression, Antidepressant Use May Up Risk of A-Fib

March 23, 2018

"If our findings are affirmed in future studies, especially those that formally assess for clinical depression, then we will need to see if treating depression may, in fact, lower the risk for atrial fibrillation," Garg said in a statement.

Antidepressant Tx May Also Improve Asthma Symptoms in Comorbid Patients

By March 21, 2018

The authors reported that ACQ scores (P=0.04) and oral corticosteroid use (P=0.04) were significantly reduced in high severity completers (n=21) receiving escitalopram.

<i>DSM-5</i>-Defined Major Depressive Disorder Highly Prevalent Among U.S. Adults

By March 21, 2018

To determine the prevalence of DSM-5 MDD as well as DSM-5 specifiers, the study authors conducted "in-person interviews with a representative sample of US noninstitutionalized civilian adults (≥18 years) (n = 36 309) who participated in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (NESARC-III)."

Predictors of Relapse Identified in Youth With Major Depressive Disorder

By March 20, 2018

Relapse was defined as a total score of ≥40 according to the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised in addition to worsening of depressive symptoms for ≥2 weeks.

ADHD Incidence Increases Significantly Following Childhood TBI

March 20, 2018

The researchers found that 25.7% of the 187 children met the definition of SADHD. Compared with the OI group, severe TBI correlated with SADHD (hazard ratio [HR], 3.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.59 to 8.26).

Antipsychotic Prescribing for MDD Patients: Recent Trends Examined

By March 19, 2018

Aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone were reported as the most commonly prescribed antipsychotic medications.

SSRIs vs SNRIs: Efficacy Compared for Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

By March 19, 2018

The authors noted that treatment with SSRIs led to significantly greater improvement by the second week of treatment vs. SNRIs (P=0.0268); this benefit remained statistically significant through Week 12.

High School Peer-to-Peer Program May Increase Early Depression Detection

March 19, 2018

The researchers found that after implementation of the campaigns, students had improved knowledge and attitudes toward depression, increased confidence in identifying and referring peers with depression, improved help-seeking intentions, and reduced stigma.

Incidence of Breast Cancer Investigated Among Women With Schizophrenia

March 16, 2018

The researchers included 12 cohorts (760 women) in this meta-analysis. Pooled analysis showed that schizophrenia was associated with a significantly increased risk of breast cancer incidence in women (SIR, 1.31; P<0.001).