Poisoning

Life Expectancy in the US Decreased From 2016 to 2017

November 29, 2018

The researchers found that in 2017, life expectancy declined to 78.6 years for the US population.

FDA: "Disturbingly" High Levels of Heavy Metals Found in Kratom Products

By November 28, 2018

The Agency conducted testing on 26 separate kratom products which revealed levels of nickel and lead considered not safe for human consumption.

Experts Offer Tips on Integrating Medical Marijuana Into Geriatric Practice

By November 26, 2018

A study by the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) found that from 2002-2014 the proportion of adults aged 50 to 64 who reported cannabis use in the past year more than tripled from 2.9% to 9.0%. Among adults age 65 or older, there was more than a ten-fold increase (from 0.2% to 2.1%).

FDA Cracks Down on Companies Selling Dietary Supplements Containing Tianeptine

By November 21, 2018

While approved in Europe, Asia and Latin America, tianeptine is an unscheduled pharmaceutical agent in the US that has been linked to serious adverse events, including death, when used for recreational purposes.

Marijuana exposure common in children of tobacco smokers

November 19, 2018

While previous studies have suggested that in-utero and early childhood exposure to marijuana smoke may have long-term health consequences, less is known about the prevalence of such exposure.

Drug Overdose Mortality Rates Highest in United States

November 16, 2018

The researchers found that the highest drug overdose mortality rates for both men and women were seen in the United States (35 and 20 deaths per 100,000 people, respectively), while Mexico had the lowest rates (1.0 and 0.2 deaths per 100,000 people, respectively).

FDA Proposes New Restrictions on Sale of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

By November 15, 2018

The announcement comes in the wake of results from the 2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey which showed a 78% increase in current e-cigarette use among high school students from 2017 to 2018.

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

November 14, 2018

"We continue to call for more research and encourage primary care clinicians to use their judgment when deciding whether to screen adolescents," task force chair Sue Curry, PhD, said in a statement.

The US leads developed nations in premature deaths from drug overdose

November 13, 2018

The authors observed declining premature drug-overdose mortality rates among men and women in Norway, in addition to men in Spain and women in Denmark.

FDA to Ban Most Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

November 12, 2018

The latest measures come after months of meetings between the FDA and e-cigarette makers on how to reduce teen use of the devices.

Expiration Dates on Naloxone Products May Be Grossly Exaggerated

November 08, 2018

Researchers found that the naloxone nasal spray Narcan was chemically stable for 10 months after its labeled expiration date and that the naloxone injection Evzio was chemically stable for at least 1 year after its listed expiration date.

E-cigarette users have greater odds of subsequent cigarette use

November 05, 2018

Compared to students who did not use e-cigarettes, a greater proportion of students who used e-cigarettes at baseline had initiated cigarette use on follow-up, and these students had approximately 4-fold higher odds for initiation of cigarette use.

Bill to Fight US Opioid Crisis Signed Into Law

October 26, 2018

There is $60 million earmarked for infants who are born drug-dependent and authorization for programs that place drug offenders into treatment instead of in prison.

Red Cross Releases Online Course on How to Respond to an Opioid Overdose

By October 25, 2018

The training has information on how to use several products including a nasal atomizer, Narcan Nasal Spray and Evzio.

High Uptake, Acceptability of Rapid Fentanyl Test Strips

October 22, 2018

There was a correlation between a positive result and older age, homelessness, heroin use, injection drug use, ever witnessing an overdose, and concern about overdose or drugs being laced with fentanyl.

Mortality Due to Suicide, Alcohol, Accidents Up in Diabetes

October 19, 2018

Among the 434,629 individuals included in the researcher, there were 2832 deaths due to alcohol, 3187 deaths due to accidents, and 853 deaths due to suicide during a mean follow-up of 7.1 years.

Sharp Drop in US Life Expectancy Rankings by 2040

October 19, 2018

Life expectancy in the US has declined in each of the past 2 years, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. That's the first multi-year decrease since 1962 and 1963.

Anavip Now Available for the Management of Rattlesnake Envenomation

By October 09, 2018

Anavip contains venom-specific F(ab')2 fragments of immunoglobulin G (IgG) that bind and neutralize venom toxins, facilitating redistribution away from target tissues and elimination from the body.

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

October 05, 2018

Compared with these individuals with minimum risk, individuals who drink 7 times weekly had an adjusted hazard ratio of all-cause mortality of 1.23 in the NHIS data, and individuals who drink 4 to 7 times weekly in the VA data also had an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.23.

FDA Seizes Documents From E-Cigarette Maker JUUL

October 04, 2018

The surprise inspection at JUUL's San Francisco headquarters last week occurred a few weeks after the FDA told e-cigarette makers they have 60 days to submit plans on how to reduce youth use of their products.

Researchers Recommend Reclassification of Psilocybin

By September 27, 2018

Currently, psilocybin, a serotonin receptor agonist, is classified as a Schedule I agent as it has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for any therapeutic use.

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by 'Pod Mods'

September 26, 2018

The noxious taste and sensations of the initial smoking experience, which deter some from smoking, is not present in pod mods, which is a factor in their addictiveness.

Mortality for Unintentional Drug Poisonings Up Since 1979

September 25, 2018

For at least 38 years, this exponentially increasing mortality rate tracked along a smooth trajectory; in contrast, the trajectories of mortality rates from individual drugs were not tracked along exponential trajectories.

FDA Ad Campaign Hopes to Halt E-Cigarette Use Among Teens

September 19, 2018

In addition, the FDA wants to be sure young people are aware that e-cigarettes can contain dangerous chemicals such as acrolein, a chemical that can cause irreversible lung damage; formaldehyde, a cancer-causing chemical; and toxic metal particles like chromium, lead and nickel, which can be inhaled into the lungs.

Many Older Adults Transition to Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use

September 14, 2018

The researchers found that 26.4% of adults met the definition of long-term use 1 year after the index prescription; they were prescribed a mean of 232.7 benzodiazepine days.

CroFab Labeling Updated With Extended Shelf Life, Removal of Mercury Warning

By September 13, 2018

CroFab is a sheep-derived antivenin indicated for the management of adult and pediatric patients with North American crotalid (rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths/water moccasins) envenomation.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

September 13, 2018

All of these brands - JUUL, Vuse, MarkTen, blu e-cigs, and Logic - made up the majority of products sold illegally to minors, the agency said.

Cassipa Approved as Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Dependence

By September 10, 2018

Cassipa combines buprenorphine, an opioid (partial agonist-antagonist), and naloxone, an opioid antagonist.

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

September 10, 2018

In 44% of the deaths, bystanders were reportedly present, but naloxone was rarely administered by a layperson.