The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has voted in favor of a renewed recommendation for the use of Flumist Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine Live, Intranasal).
The researchers found that infants born vaginally to overweight or obese mothers were significantly more likely to become overweight at age 1 year, compared with being born vaginally to a normal-weight mother (adjusted odds ratio, 3.33).
So far this season, influenza A(H3N2) viruses have predominated, but other influenza viruses are also circulating.
Qvar RediHaler (beclomethasone dipropionate HFA) Inhalation Aerosol is a breath-actuated inhaled prescription medicine used as a maintenance treatment for the prevention and control of asthma in people 4 years of age and older.
National sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) rates had the steepest decline during the 1990 to 1998 study time period, followed by slower decline during 1999 to 2015.
The researchers found that from 1990 to 2015 there was a decrease in SUID rates from 154.6 to 92.4 per 100,000 live births, with a 44.6% decrease from 1990 to 1998 and a 7% decrease from 1999 to 2015.
Perceived harm from secondhand e-cigarette vapor showed similar patterns. Adolescents who use e-cigarettes are more likely to initiate using tobacco products than those who do not use e-cigarettes.
The percentage of children who have ever had a significant head injury also increased as age increased, peaking at 11.7% among 15-to-17-year-old children.
For infants in the FICare group, the high-frequency exclusive breastmilk feeding rate at discharge was higher than that seen in those in the standard care group (70 versus 63%; P=0.016).
For fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, the conservative prevalence estimates varied from 11.3 to 50.0 per 1,000 children; the weighted prevalence estimates varied from 31.1 to 98.5 per 1,000 children.
The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedules for 2018 have been approved by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Data were included for 2,821 children with 5,014 person-years. The researchers found that 18 percent of children received ≥300 days of antibiotics.
For mothers with moderate, marked, and severe PND, the odds ratios for child behavioral disturbance were 2.22, 1.91, and 2.39, respectively.
"Our results show that, at a population level, prescriptions of stimulants and antidepressant medications for children and adolescents do not appear to be prescribed at rates higher than the known rates for psychiatric conditions they are designed to treat," said the study's lead author, Dr. Ryan Sultan.
The FDA's approval was supported by data specifically gathered in patients aged <2 years. The 0.1mmol/kg dose significantly improved the visualization and morphologic assessment of CNS lesions as seen in older pediatric patients and adults.
Infants classified as very high risk for substantiated maltreatment had a higher relative risk of overall mortality, death through unintentional and inflicted injury, and sudden unexpected infant death.
The feature most associated with both of these traits was a brain white matter pattern reflecting frontotemporal connectivity and crossing fibers in the uncinate fasciculus.
The researchers identified a non-statistically significant increase in total birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection in areas with local transmission, from 2.8 to 3.0 cases per 1,000 live births in the first and second halves of 2016, respectively (P=0.10).
"Add-on cannabidiol is efficacious for the treatment of patients with drop seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and is generally well tolerated," the authors write.
The researchers found that more than one-third of the 22,324 families had at least one of the following adverse housing circumstances: 27% had been behind on rent, 8% had made multiple moves, and 12% had a history of being homeless.
Children with tuberculosis (TB) who received 3 months of directly observed preventative therapy (DOPT) were 25 times more likely to complete their treatment regimen than those who received 9 months of self-administered therapy (SAT).