The researchers found that infants born vaginally to overweight or obese mothers were significantly more likely to become overweight at age 1 year, compared with being born vaginally to a normal-weight mother (adjusted odds ratio, 3.33).
The obesity-related survival benefit was seen only for patients receiving targeted therapy (hazard ratios, 0.72 and 0.6 for progression-free and overall survival, respectively) and immunotherapy (hazard ratios, 0.75 and 0.64, respectively), not for patients receiving chemotherapy.
Draft recommendation statement concludes that doctors should provide, refer adults to interventions
The researchers found that the mean 12-month macronutrient distributions were 48 versus 30% for carbohydrates, 29 versus 45% for fat, and 21 versus 23% for protein in the HLF versus HLC diets. At 12 months, weight change was −5.3 and −6.0 kg for the HLF and HLC diet.
"Patients must feel that you are empathetic and do not judge them. This is key not only to discussing weight, but to any subject that comes up," said Dr Windel Stracener, a family practitioner for 22 years.
Findings among Korean women evaluated for hypertension at postmenopausal age. Similarly, greater obesity and insulin resistance significantly weakened the protective effects of having breastfed for longer.
The researchers found that there were more obese patients in the high- versus low-/intermediate-risk group (41.2 versus 32.0%; P=0.006).
Individuals began to regain 0.07kg/week after 77.66 days. At 222.55 days, the rate of regain decreased slightly to 0.06kg/week.
Pediatricians and public health professionals frequently interact to the benefit of children and their families; however, increasing integration of the two disciplines is critical for improving child health.
Attrition was 6.5%, and compliance was 85.7%. The researchers found that, compared with the control group, the sleep extension group had significantly increased time in bed (55 minutes), sleep period (47 minutes), and sleep duration (21 minutes).
The researchers found that the estimated mean percentage weight loss at five years was 49 and 57% after sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass, respectively.
The researchers found that increasing weight loss independently predicted normalization in dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, hyperinsulinemia, diabetes, and elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.
During the highest dose of glucose infusion, the GB subjects had relative hyperglycemia associated with significantly reduced β-cell glucose sensitivity throughout both step-up
The researchers found that the mean weight loss was 38.2kg or 28.4% of baseline weight at 7 years after RYGB; mean weight regain was 3.9% between years 3 and 7.
Data were included for 3,310 patients with HFpEF: 2,413 with abdominal obesity and 897 patients without abdominal obesity.
The researchers found that in murine primary adipocytes, CA significantly activated PKA signaling, increased expression levels of thermogenic genes, and induced phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase and protein perilipin 1.
The researchers found that LGB was associated with a greater drop in BMI. In intention-to-treat analyses, the effective apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) at nine months was 29.5 and 20 events/hour in the LGB and CPAP groups, respectively (P=0.02), while at 18 months, the effective AHI was 20.9 and 21.4 events/hour, respectively.
After Roux-en-Y, CNS activation reduced in response to food cues, GLP-1 levels significantly elevated We hypothesized that postoperative elevated GLP-1 levels contribute to the improved satiety regulation after RYGB via effects on the CNS.
The researchers found that, compared with placebo, probiotic administration resulted in a significantly larger reduction in body weight, BMI, and fat percentage.
Researchers aimed to determine whether the rise in prescription drug use over time varied by age and obesity status.
The researchers found that the mean reduction measured by skin fold caliper was 33% (3.2 mm; P=0.05), and by magnetic resonance imaging, the mean reduction was 1.78mm.
The researchers found that the adjusted mean changes from baseline in body weight in the surgery group were −45.0, −36.3, and −35.0 kg at 2, 6, and 12 years, respectively.
BMI was positively correlated with ER+/PR+ and ER−/PR− subtype risks, with a significant association only seen for ER+/PR+ subtypes.
The patches mechanism of action turns white adipose tissue into brown adipose tissue, white tissue is known to store fat while brown tissue is known to burn fat to produce heat.
The postprandial glucose nadir was increased by 66%, peak insulin was reduced by 57%, and neuroglycopenic symptoms were reduced by 80%, on average.