Obesity

Factors ID'd for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

April 06, 2018

Five factors correlated with breastfeeding behaviors: intentions to breastfeed; belief in the nutritional adequacy and sufficiency of breast milk; belief about others' infant feeding preferences; body image; and social knowledge.

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

April 06, 2018

Each additional 10cm greater waist circumference at early childhood was associated with 1.99 higher odds of elevated ALT at mid-childhood, in multivariable-adjusted models.

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk

March 30, 2018

Compared with boys who were neither overweight during childhood or puberty, boys developing overweight during puberty had increased risk of heart failure.

Recent Years Have Seen Obesity Prevalence Increasing for Adults

March 28, 2018

Increases in prevalence were seen for women, adults aged 40 to 59 years, and 60 years or older. The age-standardized prevalence of severe obesity increased significantly from 5.7% in 2007 to 2008 to 7.7% in 2015 to 2016

Menopausal Hormone Therapy Linked to Reduced Abdominal Fat

March 28, 2018

No residual effect for past users, including early discontinuers of menopause hormone treatment

Cryoablation of Posterior Vagal Trunk Feasible in Obesity

March 23, 2018

Technical success rate 100 percent in 10 subjects; no procedure-related complications, adverse events

Significant Weight Loss Seen With Once-Daily Semaglutide in Obese Adults

By March 19, 2018

Novo Nordisk is planning on initiating a Phase 3 trial of semaglutide that will include 4,500 individuals who are overweight or obese sometime in 2018. Semaglutide is currently not approved for treatment of obesity.

How Does Medical Tx Compare To Bariatric Surgery in Obese Diabetes Patients?

March 14, 2018

The researchers found that the mean hemoglobin A1c concentration decreased from 6.8 to 5.5% in Teen-LABS and increased from 6.4 to 7.8% in TODAY participants during 2 years.

Increased Offspring BMI Tied to Metformin Exposure In Utero

March 01, 2018

The researchers found that at age 4 years there was a non-significant difference in height z-scores between children of women randomized to placebo and those randomized to metformin.

Sex Specific Relationship Between Obesity and Myocardial Infarction Examined

February 28, 2018

During 7 years of follow-up, the researchers identified 5,710 cases of MI among 265,988 women and 213,622 men without a history of cardiovascular disease at baseline. In both sexes, there was an approximate log-linear relationship between measures of general and central adiposity and the risk of MI.

Infant Gut Microbiota May Mediate Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity

February 22, 2018

The researchers found that infants born vaginally to overweight or obese mothers were significantly more likely to become overweight at age 1 year, compared with being born vaginally to a normal-weight mother (adjusted odds ratio, 3.33).

Obese Individuals May Have Greater Metastatic Melanoma Survival Odds

February 21, 2018

The obesity-related survival benefit was seen only for patients receiving targeted therapy (hazard ratios, 0.72 and 0.6 for progression-free and overall survival, respectively) and immunotherapy (hazard ratios, 0.75 and 0.64, respectively), not for patients receiving chemotherapy.

USPSTF: Obese Patients Should Be Referred to Multicomponent Behavioral Interventions

February 21, 2018

Draft recommendation statement concludes that doctors should provide, refer adults to interventions

Weight Loss Change Examined in Healthy Low-Fat vs. Healthy Low-Carb Diet

February 21, 2018

The researchers found that the mean 12-month macronutrient distributions were 48 versus 30% for carbohydrates, 29 versus 45% for fat, and 21 versus 23% for protein in the HLF versus HLC diets. At 12 months, weight change was −5.3 and −6.0 kg for the HLF and HLC diet.

Endocrine Disruptors Linked to Greater Weight Regain, Especially in Women

February 14, 2018

Higher baseline levels of PFAS tied to greater weight regain in weight-loss setting, especially for women

Addressing Sensitive Topics With Patients: An Interview With Windel Stracener, MD

By February 14, 2018

"Patients must feel that you are empathetic and do not judge them. This is key not only to discussing weight, but to any subject that comes up," said Dr Windel Stracener, a family practitioner for 22 years.

Breastfeeding May Impact Maternal Hypertension Risk

February 09, 2018

Findings among Korean women evaluated for hypertension at postmenopausal age. Similarly, greater obesity and insulin resistance significantly weakened the protective effects of having breastfed for longer.

Year-Long School Fitness Program Shows No Difference in Child BMI

February 08, 2018

No significant reduction in BMI z score at 15 or 30 months of healthy lifestyle program intervention.

Weight Loss Could Improve Chronic Pain Among Obese Patients

January 29, 2018

A total of 123 obese individuals underwent a 12- to 16-week weight loss intervention with calorie restriction.

Obesity and Prostate CA Recurrence: What's the Link?

January 26, 2018

The researchers found that there were more obese patients in the high- versus low-/intermediate-risk group (41.2 versus 32.0%; P=0.006).

Weight Loss and Regain Examined After Weight Management Intervention

January 24, 2018

Individuals began to regain 0.07kg/week after 77.66 days. At 222.55 days, the rate of regain decreased slightly to 0.06kg/week.

Greater Pediatric, Public Health Interaction Needed for Failing Child Care

January 23, 2018

Pediatricians and public health professionals frequently interact to the benefit of children and their families; however, increasing integration of the two disciplines is critical for improving child health.

Targeting Sleep Hygiene May Combat Obesity

January 22, 2018

Attrition was 6.5%, and compliance was 85.7%. The researchers found that, compared with the control group, the sleep extension group had significantly increased time in bed (55 minutes), sleep period (47 minutes), and sleep duration (21 minutes).

Weight Loss Difference Between Lap Sleeve Gastrectomy, RYGB Examined

January 17, 2018

The researchers found that the estimated mean percentage weight loss at five years was 49 and 57% after sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass, respectively.

Change in CVD Risk Factors Analyzed Following Bariatric Sx

January 10, 2018

The researchers found that increasing weight loss independently predicted normalization in dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, hyperinsulinemia, diabetes, and elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.

Following Gastric Bypass, Nature of β-Cell Sensitivity May Change

December 11, 2017

During the highest dose of glucose infusion, the GB subjects had relative hyperglycemia associated with significantly reduced β-cell glucose sensitivity throughout both step-up

Link Between Obesity and Rosacea Examined for First Time

December 11, 2017

The risk for rosacea was higher among those with increased body mass index (BMI; P<0.0001).

Seven Year Weight Loss Examined for Roux-en-Y, Laparoscopic Bariatric Sx

December 07, 2017

The researchers found that the mean weight loss was 38.2kg or 28.4% of baseline weight at 7 years after RYGB; mean weight regain was 3.9% between years 3 and 7.

Obesity Tied to All-Cause Mortality in HF With Preserved Ejection Fraction

November 28, 2017

Data were included for 3,310 patients with HFpEF: 2,413 with abdominal obesity and 897 patients without abdominal obesity.

Cinnamon May Activate Thermogenesis, Help Combat Obesity

November 27, 2017

The researchers found that in murine primary adipocytes, CA significantly activated PKA signaling, increased expression levels of thermogenic genes, and induced phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase and protein perilipin 1.