Nutrition

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

August 15, 2018

Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate

Sufficient Preconception Vitamin D Tied to Lower Miscarriage Risk

August 10, 2018

Among women who achieved pregnancy, sufficient preconception 25-hydroxyvitamin D was associated with reduced risk of pregnancy loss (preconception RR per 25nmol/L, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 0.99); but this was not found at 8 weeks of gestation (RR, 0.98; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.01).

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

August 10, 2018

They found evidence of benefit for legumes, moderate habitual coffee consumption, tea, mushrooms, alcohol in recommended amounts, plant or marine omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B12 supplements for those who are deficient.

Can Monthly Vitamin D Supplementation Cut Cancer Risk?

July 24, 2018

The primary outcome of cancer (328 total cases of cancer) occurred in 6.5 and 6.4% of participants in the vitamin D and placebo groups, respectively.

Child-Targeted Gluten-Free Products No Healthier

July 23, 2018

Compared with child-targeted products without a GF claim, child-targeted GF products had lower levels of sodium, total fat, and saturated fat, and also had less protein, and a higher percentage of calories from sugar.

Can Omega-3 Fatty Acid Monotherapy Effectively Treat Adolescent Depression?

July 20, 2018

These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.

Safety Data May Be Lacking in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

July 17, 2018

Thirty-seven and 16% of the 242 studies mentioning harm-related results used only generic statements to describe AEs and used inadequate metrics, respectively.

Higher Vitamin D Levels May Lower Breast Cancer Risk

July 13, 2018

When adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, calcium supplement intake, and study of origin, women with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥60ng/mL had an 80% lower risk of breast cancer than women with concentrations <20ng/mL (hazard ratio, 0.20; P=.03).

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplementation and CVD Outcomes: Is There a Link?

July 12, 2018

The researchers found that there was no correlation between MVM supplementation and CVD mortality, CHD mortality, stroke mortality, or stoke incidence 1.02, 0.95, and 0.98.

Dietary Supplement Use Examined Among US Children and Adolescents

By June 21, 2018

The authors reviewed 6 recent 2-year cycles (2003-2004 through 2013-2014) of NHANES data and restricted the sample to children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years) who responded to the dietary supplement questionnaire.

Valuing Gluten-Free Food Tied to Better Diet, Unhealthy Weight Control

June 21, 2018

The authors used data from 1,819 young adults (25 to 36 years) who were surveyed in 2015 to 2016 as part of the fourth wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) cohort study.

No Causal Effect of 25(OH)D on Gestational HTN, Preeclampsia

June 21, 2018

"No strong evidence was found to support a causal effect of vitamin D status on gestational hypertension or preeclampsia," the authors write.

Risk of CV Events Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

June 19, 2018

Participants who were at high cardiovascular risk were randomized to 1 of 3 diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with mixed nuts, or a control diet featuring advice to reduce dietary fat.

High-Quality Diet May Decrease Mortality Risk in Cancer Survivors

June 15, 2018

Scores in the highest HEI quartile, indicating a high-quality diet, were associated with decreased risk of overall (hazard ratio, 0.59) and cancer-specific (hazard ratio, 0.35) mortality vs the lowest HEI quartile (poor-quality diet).

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

June 15, 2018

"Optimal 25(OH)D concentrations for colorectal cancer risk reduction, 75 to 100nmol/L, appear higher than current Institute of Medicine recommendations," the authors write.

Foods With Fat and Carbohydrate Are More Highly Valued

June 15, 2018

Individuals were better able to estimate the energy density of fat vs carbohydrate and fat + carbohydrate foods. This effect correlated with functional connectivity between the fusiform gyrus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (visual and valuation areas).

Better Dietary Patterns Among US Adults Could Save Billions

June 11, 2018

Cost savings were estimated at $66.9 and $135 billion, respectively, if the diet quality of US adults were to improve to achieve 80% of the maximum healthy eating index 2015 and mediterranean diet scores.

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

June 08, 2018

The researchers found that infants who received n-3 LCPUFA had a smaller waist circumference at 5 years (coefficient, 1.1cm), which remained significant after adjusting for confounders (coefficient, 0.8cm).

Case Shows Biotin Can Interfere With Multiple Endocrine Tests

June 04, 2018

The patient disclosed that she had been taking a biotin supplement, and after comprehensive workup, including a scheduled surgical procedure, abnormalities were attributed to biotin interference.

Research Reveals Unfavorable Beliefs About Frozen Vegetables

June 04, 2018

The researchers used an implicit association test in study 1 to demonstrate that generalized negative associations with frozen vegetables were automatic, robust, and ingrained in long-term memory.

Ob-Gyns Should ID Gynecologic Symptoms of Eating Disorders

June 01, 2018

Formal diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders in adolescents are outside the scope of gynecologic practice, but health care providers should be comfortable with recognizing and screening at-risk patients.

No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

June 01, 2018

The researchers found that the evidence for preventive benefits (folic acid for cardiovascular disease, folic acid and B-vitamins for stroke), no effect (multivitamins, vitamins C and D, β-carotene, calcium, and selenium), or elevated risk (antioxidant mixtures and niacin [with a statin] for all-cause mortality) was generally moderate- or low-quality.

Mediterranean Diet May Lessen Adverse Impact of Air Pollution

May 31, 2018

With adherence to a Mediterranean diet, there were significant air pollution-mortality attenuations for nitrous oxide (NO2) with all-cause mortality, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and NO2 with cardiovascular disease mortality, and PM2.5 and NO2 with ischemic heart disease mortality.

Daily Egg Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD Risk

May 22, 2018

Reduced risk seen for ischemic heart disease, major coronary events, stroke in Chinese adults

Homeopathic Products for Teething, Nausea, Colic, Cough Recalled

By May 18, 2018

Recalled products include Teething Drops, Nausea Drops, Intestinal Colic Drops, Stomach Calm, Expectorant Cough Syrup, Silver-Zinc Throat Spray, and Argentum Elixir.

Better Diet Quality Associated With Larger Brain Volume

May 17, 2018

Specifically, larger brain volume was associated with high intake of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, nuts, dairy, and fish, and low intake of sugar-containing beverages.

First Generic Alternative for Mephyton Now Available

By May 15, 2018

Amneal's generic product is available in a 5mg strength tablet supplied in 100-count bottles.

Folic Acid May Cut Stroke Risk in High-Risk Hypertensive Patients

May 08, 2018

The lowest rate of first stroke (3.3%) in the enalapril-alone group was seen among patients with high platelet count (PLT; quartiles 2 to 4) and low total homocysteine (tHcy) levels (<15µmol/L), whereas the highest rate of first stroke (5.6%) in this group was in patients with low PLT (quartile 1) and high tHcy (≥15µmol/L) levels.

Reforms Suggested for Improving Medical Nutrition Education

April 30, 2018

Enhancing physician training will up engagement in diet counseling for patients with ASCVD

FDA Cracks Down on Concentrated Caffeine Products

By April 13, 2018

The FDA is prepared to take steps right away to begin removing illegal products from the market.