Nutrition

Achieving Healthy Diet From Sustainable Food Feasible

January 17, 2019

The authors present a healthy reference diet to provide a basis for estimating the effects of adopting an alternative diet to current diets. The healthy reference diet consists of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and unsaturated oils, including a low-to-moderate amount of seafood or poultry.

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

January 04, 2019

The researchers found that students at schools randomly assigned to receive support for nutrition policy implementation had healthier BMI trajectories over time.

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

January 03, 2019

Cumulative proportional probability for AF events greatest for those in the highest quartile of salt intake

Health Experts Review 41 Diets, Rank Best Overall for 2019

By January 02, 2019

An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.

Sugar-Sweetened Drinks Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

December 28, 2018

Odds of CKD up with beverage pattern consisting of higher intake of sweetened soda, fruit drinks, water

FDA Clears Diagnostic Test to Help Analyze Nutrients in Breast Milk

By December 27, 2018

The test is intended to aid clinicians in the nutritional management of newborns and young infants who are at risk for growth failure due to prematurity or other medical conditions.

Vit C for Pregnant Smokers May Improve Newborn Lung Function

December 26, 2018

Newborn lung function improved as measured by forced expiratory flow at three months of age

Routine Supplements to Prevent Chronic Disease Not Advised

December 18, 2018

Routine use of vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent chronic disease is not recommended, according to an Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position paper.

Omegaven Available for Pediatric Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis

By December 10, 2018

Fresenius Kabi announced the availability of Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) injectable emulsion as a source of calories and fatty acids for pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.

Impact of Fructose Varies With Energy Control, Food Source

December 03, 2018

The researchers found that in substitution or subtraction studies, total fructose-containing sugars had no harmful effect on any outcome, with a decrease in hemoglobin A1c in substitution studies (mean difference, −0.22%).

Probiotics Show No Benefits for Pediatric Acute Gastroenteritis

November 26, 2018

No benefits seen with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG or L. rhamnosus R0011 and L. helveticus R0052

FDA Cracks Down on Companies Selling Dietary Supplements Containing Tianeptine

By November 21, 2018

While approved in Europe, Asia and Latin America, tianeptine is an unscheduled pharmaceutical agent in the US that has been linked to serious adverse events, including death, when used for recreational purposes.

Women Fed Soy Formula as Infants More Likely to Experience Menstrual Pain

By November 09, 2018

Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Henry Ford Health System analyzed patient data from African-American women aged 23 to 35 years (N=1553) who were participating in the NIEHS Study of Environment, Lifestyle, and Fibroids (SELF).

Most Supplements Contain Prohibited Stimulants

October 24, 2018

1,3-dimethylbutylamine was not detected in any supplement purchased in 2014 but was detected in 33% of the 12 supplements purchased in 2017 after the public notice was issued in 2015.

Organic Food Consumption and Cancer Risk: What's the Link?

By October 22, 2018

To investigate the link between organic food consumption and cancer risk, study authors conducted a population-based prospective cohort study among French adults.

Active Pharmaceuticals Identified in More Than 700 Dietary Supplements

October 15, 2018

More than 20% of the 776 adulterated products contained more than one unapproved ingredient

FDA Amends Food Additive Regulations to No Longer Allow Use of 7 Substances

By October 05, 2018

The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.

Soft Drinks Account for One-Fifth of Youth Beverage Consumption

October 03, 2018

The researchers found that water accounted for 43.7% of total beverage consumption among US youth, followed by milk (21.5%), soft drinks (19.9%), 100% juice (7.3%), and other beverages (7.6%).

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

September 07, 2018

Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children

Four Homeopathic Products Recalled Due to Possible Microbial Contamination

By August 31, 2018

Tests revealed Neuroveen to be contaminated with Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Burkholderia cepacia. Compulsin was also tested and found to contain B. cepacia.

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

August 29, 2018

The researchers found that there were 6,283 deaths in the ARIC cohort during a median follow-up of 25 years, and 40,181 deaths across all cohort studies (432,179 participants).

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

August 15, 2018

Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate

Sufficient Preconception Vitamin D Tied to Lower Miscarriage Risk

August 10, 2018

Among women who achieved pregnancy, sufficient preconception 25-hydroxyvitamin D was associated with reduced risk of pregnancy loss (preconception RR per 25nmol/L, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 0.99); but this was not found at 8 weeks of gestation (RR, 0.98; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.01).

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

August 10, 2018

They found evidence of benefit for legumes, moderate habitual coffee consumption, tea, mushrooms, alcohol in recommended amounts, plant or marine omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B12 supplements for those who are deficient.

Can Monthly Vitamin D Supplementation Cut Cancer Risk?

July 24, 2018

The primary outcome of cancer (328 total cases of cancer) occurred in 6.5 and 6.4% of participants in the vitamin D and placebo groups, respectively.

Child-Targeted Gluten-Free Products No Healthier

July 23, 2018

Compared with child-targeted products without a GF claim, child-targeted GF products had lower levels of sodium, total fat, and saturated fat, and also had less protein, and a higher percentage of calories from sugar.

Can Omega-3 Fatty Acid Monotherapy Effectively Treat Adolescent Depression?

July 20, 2018

These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.

Safety Data May Be Lacking in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

July 17, 2018

Thirty-seven and 16% of the 242 studies mentioning harm-related results used only generic statements to describe AEs and used inadequate metrics, respectively.

Higher Vitamin D Levels May Lower Breast Cancer Risk

July 13, 2018

When adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, calcium supplement intake, and study of origin, women with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥60ng/mL had an 80% lower risk of breast cancer than women with concentrations <20ng/mL (hazard ratio, 0.20; P=.03).

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplementation and CVD Outcomes: Is There a Link?

July 12, 2018

The researchers found that there was no correlation between MVM supplementation and CVD mortality, CHD mortality, stroke mortality, or stoke incidence 1.02, 0.95, and 0.98.