The authors present a healthy reference diet to provide a basis for estimating the effects of adopting an alternative diet to current diets. The healthy reference diet consists of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and unsaturated oils, including a low-to-moderate amount of seafood or poultry.
The researchers found that students at schools randomly assigned to receive support for nutrition policy implementation had healthier BMI trajectories over time.
An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.
The test is intended to aid clinicians in the nutritional management of newborns and young infants who are at risk for growth failure due to prematurity or other medical conditions.
Routine use of vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent chronic disease is not recommended, according to an Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position paper.
Fresenius Kabi announced the availability of Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) injectable emulsion as a source of calories and fatty acids for pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.
The researchers found that in substitution or subtraction studies, total fructose-containing sugars had no harmful effect on any outcome, with a decrease in hemoglobin A1c in substitution studies (mean difference, −0.22%).
While approved in Europe, Asia and Latin America, tianeptine is an unscheduled pharmaceutical agent in the US that has been linked to serious adverse events, including death, when used for recreational purposes.
Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Henry Ford Health System analyzed patient data from African-American women aged 23 to 35 years (N=1553) who were participating in the NIEHS Study of Environment, Lifestyle, and Fibroids (SELF).
1,3-dimethylbutylamine was not detected in any supplement purchased in 2014 but was detected in 33% of the 12 supplements purchased in 2017 after the public notice was issued in 2015.
To investigate the link between organic food consumption and cancer risk, study authors conducted a population-based prospective cohort study among French adults.
The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.
The researchers found that water accounted for 43.7% of total beverage consumption among US youth, followed by milk (21.5%), soft drinks (19.9%), 100% juice (7.3%), and other beverages (7.6%).
Tests revealed Neuroveen to be contaminated with Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Burkholderia cepacia. Compulsin was also tested and found to contain B. cepacia.
The researchers found that there were 6,283 deaths in the ARIC cohort during a median follow-up of 25 years, and 40,181 deaths across all cohort studies (432,179 participants).
Among women who achieved pregnancy, sufficient preconception 25-hydroxyvitamin D was associated with reduced risk of pregnancy loss (preconception RR per 25nmol/L, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 0.99); but this was not found at 8 weeks of gestation (RR, 0.98; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.01).
They found evidence of benefit for legumes, moderate habitual coffee consumption, tea, mushrooms, alcohol in recommended amounts, plant or marine omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B12 supplements for those who are deficient.
The primary outcome of cancer (328 total cases of cancer) occurred in 6.5 and 6.4% of participants in the vitamin D and placebo groups, respectively.
Compared with child-targeted products without a GF claim, child-targeted GF products had lower levels of sodium, total fat, and saturated fat, and also had less protein, and a higher percentage of calories from sugar.
These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.
Thirty-seven and 16% of the 242 studies mentioning harm-related results used only generic statements to describe AEs and used inadequate metrics, respectively.
When adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, calcium supplement intake, and study of origin, women with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥60ng/mL had an 80% lower risk of breast cancer than women with concentrations <20ng/mL (hazard ratio, 0.20; P=.03).
The researchers found that there was no correlation between MVM supplementation and CVD mortality, CHD mortality, stroke mortality, or stoke incidence 1.02, 0.95, and 0.98.