Nutrition

Women Fed Soy Formula as Infants More Likely to Experience Menstrual Pain

By November 09, 2018

Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Henry Ford Health System analyzed patient data from African-American women aged 23 to 35 years (N=1553) who were participating in the NIEHS Study of Environment, Lifestyle, and Fibroids (SELF).

Most Supplements Contain Prohibited Stimulants

October 24, 2018

1,3-dimethylbutylamine was not detected in any supplement purchased in 2014 but was detected in 33% of the 12 supplements purchased in 2017 after the public notice was issued in 2015.

Organic Food Consumption and Cancer Risk: What's the Link?

By October 22, 2018

To investigate the link between organic food consumption and cancer risk, study authors conducted a population-based prospective cohort study among French adults.

Active Pharmaceuticals Identified in More Than 700 Dietary Supplements

October 15, 2018

More than 20% of the 776 adulterated products contained more than one unapproved ingredient

FDA Amends Food Additive Regulations to No Longer Allow Use of 7 Substances

By October 05, 2018

The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.

Soft Drinks Account for One-Fifth of Youth Beverage Consumption

October 03, 2018

The researchers found that water accounted for 43.7% of total beverage consumption among US youth, followed by milk (21.5%), soft drinks (19.9%), 100% juice (7.3%), and other beverages (7.6%).

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

September 07, 2018

Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children

Four Homeopathic Products Recalled Due to Possible Microbial Contamination

By August 31, 2018

Tests revealed Neuroveen to be contaminated with Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Burkholderia cepacia. Compulsin was also tested and found to contain B. cepacia.

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

August 29, 2018

The researchers found that there were 6,283 deaths in the ARIC cohort during a median follow-up of 25 years, and 40,181 deaths across all cohort studies (432,179 participants).

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

August 15, 2018

Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate

Sufficient Preconception Vitamin D Tied to Lower Miscarriage Risk

August 10, 2018

Among women who achieved pregnancy, sufficient preconception 25-hydroxyvitamin D was associated with reduced risk of pregnancy loss (preconception RR per 25nmol/L, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 0.99); but this was not found at 8 weeks of gestation (RR, 0.98; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.01).

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

August 10, 2018

They found evidence of benefit for legumes, moderate habitual coffee consumption, tea, mushrooms, alcohol in recommended amounts, plant or marine omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B12 supplements for those who are deficient.

Can Monthly Vitamin D Supplementation Cut Cancer Risk?

July 24, 2018

The primary outcome of cancer (328 total cases of cancer) occurred in 6.5 and 6.4% of participants in the vitamin D and placebo groups, respectively.

Child-Targeted Gluten-Free Products No Healthier

July 23, 2018

Compared with child-targeted products without a GF claim, child-targeted GF products had lower levels of sodium, total fat, and saturated fat, and also had less protein, and a higher percentage of calories from sugar.

Can Omega-3 Fatty Acid Monotherapy Effectively Treat Adolescent Depression?

July 20, 2018

These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.

Safety Data May Be Lacking in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

July 17, 2018

Thirty-seven and 16% of the 242 studies mentioning harm-related results used only generic statements to describe AEs and used inadequate metrics, respectively.

Higher Vitamin D Levels May Lower Breast Cancer Risk

July 13, 2018

When adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, calcium supplement intake, and study of origin, women with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥60ng/mL had an 80% lower risk of breast cancer than women with concentrations <20ng/mL (hazard ratio, 0.20; P=.03).

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplementation and CVD Outcomes: Is There a Link?

July 12, 2018

The researchers found that there was no correlation between MVM supplementation and CVD mortality, CHD mortality, stroke mortality, or stoke incidence 1.02, 0.95, and 0.98.

Dietary Supplement Use Examined Among US Children and Adolescents

By June 21, 2018

The authors reviewed 6 recent 2-year cycles (2003-2004 through 2013-2014) of NHANES data and restricted the sample to children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years) who responded to the dietary supplement questionnaire.

Valuing Gluten-Free Food Tied to Better Diet, Unhealthy Weight Control

June 21, 2018

The authors used data from 1,819 young adults (25 to 36 years) who were surveyed in 2015 to 2016 as part of the fourth wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) cohort study.

No Causal Effect of 25(OH)D on Gestational HTN, Preeclampsia

June 21, 2018

"No strong evidence was found to support a causal effect of vitamin D status on gestational hypertension or preeclampsia," the authors write.

Risk of CV Events Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

June 19, 2018

Participants who were at high cardiovascular risk were randomized to 1 of 3 diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with mixed nuts, or a control diet featuring advice to reduce dietary fat.

High-Quality Diet May Decrease Mortality Risk in Cancer Survivors

June 15, 2018

Scores in the highest HEI quartile, indicating a high-quality diet, were associated with decreased risk of overall (hazard ratio, 0.59) and cancer-specific (hazard ratio, 0.35) mortality vs the lowest HEI quartile (poor-quality diet).

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

June 15, 2018

"Optimal 25(OH)D concentrations for colorectal cancer risk reduction, 75 to 100nmol/L, appear higher than current Institute of Medicine recommendations," the authors write.

Foods With Fat and Carbohydrate Are More Highly Valued

June 15, 2018

Individuals were better able to estimate the energy density of fat vs carbohydrate and fat + carbohydrate foods. This effect correlated with functional connectivity between the fusiform gyrus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (visual and valuation areas).

Better Dietary Patterns Among US Adults Could Save Billions

June 11, 2018

Cost savings were estimated at $66.9 and $135 billion, respectively, if the diet quality of US adults were to improve to achieve 80% of the maximum healthy eating index 2015 and mediterranean diet scores.

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

June 08, 2018

The researchers found that infants who received n-3 LCPUFA had a smaller waist circumference at 5 years (coefficient, 1.1cm), which remained significant after adjusting for confounders (coefficient, 0.8cm).

Case Shows Biotin Can Interfere With Multiple Endocrine Tests

June 04, 2018

The patient disclosed that she had been taking a biotin supplement, and after comprehensive workup, including a scheduled surgical procedure, abnormalities were attributed to biotin interference.

Research Reveals Unfavorable Beliefs About Frozen Vegetables

June 04, 2018

The researchers used an implicit association test in study 1 to demonstrate that generalized negative associations with frozen vegetables were automatic, robust, and ingrained in long-term memory.

Ob-Gyns Should ID Gynecologic Symptoms of Eating Disorders

June 01, 2018

Formal diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders in adolescents are outside the scope of gynecologic practice, but health care providers should be comfortable with recognizing and screening at-risk patients.