Pediatric Exposures to Liquid Nicotine Down From 2015 to 2016

Still poses serious risk to children; decrease likely in part to law requiring child-resistant packaging
Still poses serious risk to children; decrease likely in part to law requiring child-resistant packaging

HealthDay News — Pediatric exposures to liquid nicotine decreased from 2015 to 2016, but exposure still poses serious risks to children, according to a study published online April 23 in Pediatrics.

Preethi Govindarajan, from the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and colleagues examined exposures to liquid nicotine among children aged <6 years in the United States using data from the National Poison Data System for January 2012 through April 2017. 

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The researchers found that during the study period, 8,269 liquid nicotine exposures among children aged younger than 6 years were reported to U.S. poison control centers. Overall, 92.5% of children were exposed through ingestion; 83.9% of the exposures occurred in children aged younger than 3 years. Overall, 35.1 and 1.4% of the exposed children were treated and released from a health care facility and were admitted, respectively. From 2012 to 2015, there was an increase in the annual exposure rate per 100,000 children, from 0.7 to 10.4; there was a subsequent decrease to 8.3 in 2016. Comparing the 9 months before with the 9 months after the federal child-resistant packaging law went into effect, there was a significant decrease in the mean number of exposures among states without a preexisting law requiring child-resistant packaging, averaging 4.4 fewer exposures per state after law implementation.

"Liquid nicotine continues to pose a serious risk for young children," the authors write. "Additional regulation of these products is warranted."

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