Outcomes of Anorexia Nervosa Examined in Patients With Onset Before 14 Years
HealthDay News — Anorexia nervosa (AN) that develops before age 14 often leads to unfavorable outcomes, according to a study published online February 16 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, MD, from University Clinics RWTH Aachen in Germany, and colleagues followed up with 52 former pediatric patients (mean age, 12.5 [SD 1.0]) diagnosed with early-onset AN who had been treated at German university hospitals. Each participant had a personal examination after an average of 7.5 years.
The researchers found that 41% of the participants had a good outcome, while 35% had intermediate outcomes, and 24% had poor outcomes. Twenty-eight percent of respondents met the DSM-IV criteria for a current non-eating disorder psychiatric disorder, and 64% met the criteria for a previous non-eating disorder psychiatric disorder. AN outcomes were strongly associated with mental-health-related quality of life and eating disorder-specific psychopathology. The only significant positive indicator of outcome was a higher weight at admission.
"Childhood AN is a serious disorder with an unfavorable course in many patients and high rates of chronicity and psychiatric comorbidity in young adulthood," the authors write. "Early detection and intervention are urgently needed."