Mood Disorders

Palliative Care Reduces Odds of Suicide in Lung Cancer Patients

June 22, 2018

Only 20% of the patients who died by suicide had a palliative care encounter, compared with 57% among lung cancer patients whose cause of death was not suicide.

Some Neonatal Risks for Lithium Exposure in Pregnancy

June 20, 2018

Compared with the reference group, lithium-exposed pregnancies had an increased risk for neonatal readmission (27.5 vs 14.3%; pooled adjusted odds ratio, 1.62).

Incidence of Extrapyramidal Symptoms Higher With Certain Antidepressants

By June 18, 2018

Within the cohort, 3838 cases were identified and compared with 38,380 age-matched controls.

Medications with depression as a possible adverse effect associated with increased risk

June 15, 2018

In this cross-sectional study, the use of medications with depression as an adverse effect was associated with a higher prevalence of depression while a similar association was not observed for medications without depression as a possible side effect.

AMA President Calls Physicians to Lead in Addressing Gun Violence

June 14, 2018

For decades the AMA has demonstrated leadership on this issue, recommending common-sense gun safety precautions, waiting periods and background checks for those wishing to purchase a gun, and increased mental health service funding.

Antipsychotic Tx Linked to Adiposity Changes in Youths

June 14, 2018

The researchers found that from baseline to week 12, the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry percentage total body fat increased by 1.18, 4.12, and 1.66% for risperidone, olanzapine, and aripiprazole, respectively, and was significantly greater for olanzapine than risperidone or aripiprazole.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

June 14, 2018

The APA is highlighting the need for more funding for evidence-based treatment and its dissemination, including crisis services, as well as more research focused on risk assessment, evidence-based prevention programs, and treatment to reduce the incidence of suicide.

Work Stress May Increase Risk of Developing Atrial Fibrillation

June 13, 2018

The researchers found that job strain was associated with an almost 50% increased risk of atrial fibrillation (hazard ratio [HR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.00 to 2.18) after adjustment for age, sex, and education.

Medications With Depression as Adverse Side Effect Commonly Used

June 13, 2018

The number of medications used with depression as a possible adverse effect correlated with increased prevalence of concurrent depression, in analyses excluding antidepressant users.

Suicide Rates On the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

By June 08, 2018

Using data from the National Vital Statistics System, the CDC researchers examined trends in age-adjusted suicide rates in individuals 10 years of age and older, by state and sex, across 6 consecutive 3-year periods (1999-2016).

Prostate Cancer Treatment Side Effects Linked to Distress

June 08, 2018

This relationship was bidirectional, with men who reported worse distress also subsequently reporting worse urinary, bowel, and sexual functions.

Older Age Tied to Poorer Course of Major Depressive Disorder

June 08, 2018

Results were slightly attenuated but remained mostly significant with adjustment for prognostic factors

Why Medicine Leads the Professions in Suicide, and What We Can Do About It

June 06, 2018

One recent survey found that 42% of US physicians are burned out, with rates of 38% among men and 48% among women. The authors here suggest that clinicians are encouraged to care for human beings, not merely to manage health information.

More Adults Go to Psychiatrist, Not PCP, for Mental Health Care

June 06, 2018

The researchers found that the rate of mental health-related physician office visits to psychiatrists was higher than the rate to primary care physicians overall among adults aged 18 years and older (693 versus 397 per 10,000 adults) and for all age groups except those aged 65 years and older.

Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Tx Improve Mental Health Outcomes?

June 06, 2018

When the analysis was limited to studies that examined bDMARDs vs no-treatment placebo controls, bDMARDs had a substantial benefit on physical health, measured by the Physical Component Summary, compared with mental health.

Abortion Not Tied to Significantly Higher Antidepressant Use

June 01, 2018

Comparing women who had an abortion with women who did not have an abortion, the fully-adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were not statistically significantly different in the year before the abortion and the year after the abortion.

CDC: Death Rate for American Youth Up in Recent Years

June 01, 2018

The researchers found that there was a 33% decrease in the total death rate for persons aged 10 to 19 years between 1999 and 2013 (from 44.4 to 29.6 per 100,000 population), followed by a 12% increase (to 33.1 per 100,000 population) between 2013 and 2016.

Various PTSD Treatments Evaluated in Updated Review

By May 25, 2018

To update a previous review, researchers searched various databases from May 2012 to September 2017 to identify studies comparing the safety and efficacy of various PTSD interventions.

Antidepressant Prescribing Linked to Lasting Weight Gain

May 25, 2018

During 1,836,452 person-years of follow-up, the incidence of new episodes of ≥5% weight gain was 8.1 and 11.2 per 100 person-years in participants not prescribed and prescribed antidepressants, respectively (adjusted rate ratio, 1.21).

Antidepressant Use for Insomnia: Is It Effective?

By May 16, 2018

For this study, researchers identified 23 randomized controlled trials that included a total of 2806 adults with a primary diagnosis of insomnia to examine the relationship between antidepressant use and insomnia treatment.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

May 16, 2018

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospital for suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA) more than doubled between 2008 and 2015.

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

May 16, 2018

The researchers identified 115,856 SI and SA encounters during the study period.

Disruption of Circadian Rhythm Negatively Impacts Mental Health

May 16, 2018

"Circadian disruption is reliably associated with various adverse mental health and well-being outcomes, including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder," the authors write.

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

By May 15, 2018

There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments that address these core symptoms of ASD.

ECT Effective for Treatment-Resistant Depression

May 15, 2018

ECT was projected to reduce time with uncontrolled depression from 50 to 33 to 37% of life-years over 4 years; greater improvements were seen when ECT was offered earlier.

Rates of Major Depression Up Among US Insured, Especially Youth

May 14, 2018

"The high rates for adolescents and millennials could have a substantial health impact for decades to come," Trent Haywood, MD, JD, the senior vice president and chief medical officer for the BCBS Association, said in a statement.

Treating Apathy in Alzheimer's Disease Patients: A Meta-Analysis

By May 11, 2018

Methylphenidate demonstrated an improvement in apathy vs placebo when measured by the apathy evaluation scale, in addition, methylphenidate showed possible improvement in cognition.

Lymphoma, Leukemia Survivors Have Increased Health Care Use

May 10, 2018

The researchers found that survivors of lymphoma and CLL contacted their general practitioner and medical specialist more often within the last year vs the control population.

Depressive Symptoms Tied to Memory, Aging of the Brain

May 10, 2018

With adjustment for sociodemographic, behavioral, and vascular risk factor variables, greater depressive symptoms were also associated with smaller cerebral parenchymal fraction (P=.02) and increased odds of subclinical brain infarcts (odds ratio, 1.55; P=.05).

Teen Sexting Linked to Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Abuse

May 08, 2018

Independent correlations for having sent a sext were seen for having been sexually abused, IPV perpetration, ever had sex.