Miscellaneous Gastrohepatic Disorders
Fresenius Kabi announced the availability of Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) injectable emulsion as a source of calories and fatty acids for pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.
An ultrarestrictive opioid prescription protocol (UROPP) can reduce the number of opioids prescribed to patients after gynecologic and abdominal surgery without negative health consequences, according to a new study.
To compare the incidence of hospitalization for upper GI tract bleeding, researchers used US Medicare beneficiary files to identify a cohort of patients that were ≥30 years old who initiated oral anticoagulation therapy with apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or warfarin, with or without PPI cotherapy.
The Company has completed a first in human study in healthy volunteers; a Phase 2 trial in adults with NASH is due to begin soon in the US.
The study aimed to determine whether direct-acting antiviral therapy reduced fibrosis and assessed whether any predictors of treatment failure existed at 1-year follow-up.
The study authors searched MEDLINE from inception through July 2018 to obtain relevant cohort studies and randomized trials assessing HBVr incidence secondary to pharmaceutical agents.
The study included 530 patients, aged 18 to 60 years, with computed tomography-confirmed uncomplicated acute appendicitis.
"Although biosimilar gap discounts begin in 2019, infliximab-dyyb may still not significantly reduce Part D beneficiaries' out-of-pocket costs given its high price and coinsurance cost-sharing similar to infliximab," the authors write.
Liquid nitrogen isn't toxic, but its extremely low temperature can cause severe damage to skin and internal organs if mishandled or consumed, the FDA said in a news release.
Treatments (NSBB, isosorbide mononitrate, carvedilol, variceal band ligation) were compared as monotherapy or as combination therapy with each other or versus placebo.
The approval was supported by findings from the multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority trial, REFLECT (N=945), which included patients with previously untreated, metastatic or unresectable HCC.
The approval was based on data from the ongoing Phase 2 CheckMate-142 study which enrolled patients with MSI-H/dMMR metastatic CRC who had received ≥1 prior line of therapy for metastatic disease (N=119).
The sBLA is based on results from the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-224 trial, which enrolled 104 individuals with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with sorafenib who were either intolerant to or showed progression of disease after treatment.
The risk of a nonfatal GI bleeding event was 2.19 per 1,000 person-years in the baseline cohort, 1.77 in the non-high-risk cohort, and 1.61 in the nonmedication cohort.
Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive component of marijuana that does not cause intoxication or euphoria that comes from tetrahydrocannabinol.
Noting that infants and children who ingest button batteries can experience esophageal damage leading to significant morbidity and death in as little as 2 hours, researchers from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Nationwide Children's Hospital aimed to identify effective options for mitigating these effects by testing common weakly acidic household beverages, viscous liquids, and sucralfate (Carafate).
The guidelines were developed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
"The combination of ethnicity/race with markers of insulin resistance and genetic factors might help identify obese youth at risk for developing fatty liver," the authors write.
U.S. transplants using organs from overdose-death donors (ODDs) has increased 24-fold from 2000 to 2016, and transplant outcomes from organs donated by ODDs have been noninferior to those donated by trauma-death donors (TDDs) and medical-death donors (MDDs).
While glucagon is often used for the treatment of esophageal food impaction, its effectivess, based on several studies, has been inconsistent.
Each additional 10cm greater waist circumference at early childhood was associated with 1.99 higher odds of elevated ALT at mid-childhood, in multivariable-adjusted models.
Livantra may help rate of survival without transplantation or help improve survival until patients can receive a new liver.
The researchers found that after adjusting for body mass index, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, energy, saturated fat and cholesterol intake, the odds of NAFLD and IR were increased in association with high consumption of total meat.
Among humans who died of sepsis, bacterial taxa detected in their brains were distinct from those who died of noninfectious causes and were correlated with S100A8/A9 expression.