Obese Children Have Higher Hair Cortisol Concentrations
(HealthDay News) – Obese children have higher concentrations of hair cortisol than their normal-weight peers, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in the Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Noting that pathologically increased cortisol exposure induces obesity, Margriet Veldhorst, PhD, from Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and colleagues compared hair cortisol concentrations in 20 obese and 20 age- and sex-matched normal-weight children (five boys and 15 girls) aged 8–12 years (mean age, 10.8 years). Hair cortisol concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on scalp hair samples from the posterior vertex.
The researchers found that obese children had higher body weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI-standard deviation score, and waist circumference than normal-weight children (P=0.001 for all). Obese children also had higher hair cortisol concentrations than normal-weight children (median, 25 vs. 17pg/mg; P<0.05).
"Hair cortisol concentrations, a measure for long-term cortisol exposure, were higher in obese compared with normal-weight children," the authors write. "This suggests long-term activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in obese children and may provide a novel target for treatment of obesity in children."