Even Low Lead Levels in Blood May Impact Children's Cognition
(HealthDay News) – Blood lead levels (BLLs) of 5µg/dL or greater correlate with reduced reading readiness at entry to kindergarten, according to a study published online May 13 in Pediatrics.
Pat McLaine, DrPH, MPH, RN, from the University of Maryland School of Nursing in Baltimore, and colleagues linked kindergarten reading readiness test scores for 3,406 children attending public kindergarten in Providence, RI, with state department health records of blood lead testing.
The researchers found that the median geometric mean BLL was 4.2µg/dL and that one-fifth of children had one or more venous BLLs ≥10µg/dL. Compared with children with BLLs <5µg/dL, failing to achieve the national benchmark for reading readiness was increased for those with BLLs of 5–9 and ≥10µg/dL (adjusted prevalence ratio, 1.21 and 1.56, respectively), while on average, the reading scores decreased by 4.5 and 10 points, respectively.
"These results suggest that lead exposure at levels well below 10µg/dL contributes to decreased reading readiness at kindergarten entry," the authors write. "Future evaluation of student performance on end-of-grade tests later in elementary school (third and fourth grades) in this diverse cohort could help us to better understand the long-term impacts of both kindergarten reading readiness and childhood lead exposure on school success."