Asthma Risk Up with Fear of Job Loss, Study Suggests
the MPR take:
Perceived job insecurity during an economic downturn may increase the risk of newly onset asthma, according to a new study published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Using prospective data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for 2009–2011, 7,356 employed adults were assessed on their perceived job insecurity (how likely participants rated the probability that they would lose their job within the next 2 years) and a confirmed diagnosis of asthma. The participants answered in 10% increments using a scale from 0–100% on their perceived job insecurity during the time frame. The risk of new onset asthma was found to increase by 24% with each incremental perception of job insecurity (RR=1.24, 95% CI 1.05–1.46). High job insecurity was associated with an estimated 60% increased risk of asthma (RR=1.61, 95% CI 1.08–2.40). During difficult economic times, clinicians may wish to include questions on perceived job insecurity for patients with existing risk factors for asthma and other respiratory disorders.
Background: Job insecurity has been identified as a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Perceptions of job insecurity steeply increased during Europe's recent economic downturn, which commenced in 2008. The current study assessed whether job insecurity was associated with incident asthma in Germany during this period.
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