Labor and Delivery
Amphetamine use was identified among about 1% of deliveries in the rural West by 2014 to 2015; this number was higher than the incidence of opioid use in most regions.
Although more than 3 million women give birth in the US each year, there is no consensus regarding the optimal timing of maternal pushing during the second stage of labor (defined as the time from complete cervical dilation to delivery of the fetus).
The researchers found that the rate of spontaneous vaginal delivery was 85.9 and 86.5% in the immediate and delayed groups, respectively, with no significant difference.
"Intravenous remifentanil PCA halved the proportion of epidural conversions compared with intramuscular pethidine," the authors write. "This finding challenges routine pethidine use as standard of care in labor."
The researchers found that preeclampsia occurred in 14.8 and 13.5% of women in the folic acid and placebo groups, respectively (relative risk, 1.10; 95% confidence interval, 0.90 to 1.34; P=.37).
The researchers found that patients with asthma used carboprost less frequently than patients with no asthma (11.4 vs 18.0%) compared with intravenous labetalol, which was used more often among patients with a diagnosis of asthma than those without (18.5 vs 16.7%).
ROM tests are used to aid in diagnosing ruptured membranes in pregnant women through analysis of vaginal secretions.
Previous research in rats suggested that sildenafil might boost blood flow in the placenta and promote a baby's growth, The Guardian reported.
Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate is used to lower the risk of preterm birth in women with a singleton pregnancy who have a history of singleton spontaneous preterm birth.
"No strong evidence was found to support a causal effect of vitamin D status on gestational hypertension or preeclampsia," the authors write.
Based on the findings, it was concluded that fluconazole use during pregnancy was not associated with significantly increased risks of stillbirth or neonatal death. However, the authors cautioned that the confidence intervals were wide and neither result was statistically significant.
The Agency has received reports of serious neural tube birth defects involving the brain, spine, and spinal cord in babies born to women who received dolutegravir for HIV treatment.
For teenagers aged 15 to 19 years, the birth rate decreased 7% in 2017 to 18.8 births per 1,000 women, with decreases in the rates for younger and older teenagers (15 to 17 and 18 to 19, respectively).
The researchers found that live births occurred in 18.3 and 17.8% of women receiving acupuncture and sham control, respectively (risk difference, 0.5% [95% confidence interval, −4.9 to 5.8%]; relative risk, 1.02 [95% confidence interval, 0.76 to 1.38]).
T cells from preterm infants stimulated contractility of the uterine myometrium through interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α. In mouse fetuses, adoptive transfer of activated T cells resulted in pregnancy loss.
During the same time period, birth rates declined for females aged 10 to 14 years for all race and Hispanic-origin groups, with non-Hispanic black females having the largest decline.
The test detects placental alpha microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1) in patients presenting with signs and symptoms of preterm labor.
Data added to the labeling includes first-of-their-kind pharmacokinetic studies demonstrating negligible to low transfer of CIMZIA through placenta and minimal transfer to breast milk from mother to infant.
"Allowing women ad lib oral intake during labor does not increase adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes. It stands to reason that allowing such intake could increase patient satisfaction," the authors write.
Makena was the first FDA-approved treatment option for pregnant women who have had prior spontaneous preterm birth.
The researchers found that overall, 105,409 women received a hypertensive agent. Receipt of oral labetalol increased from 20.3% in 2006 to 31.4 percent in 2014 for all patients with preeclampsia.
The ASD group had a shorter duration of ultrasound exposure than the typical development group during the first (290.4 versus 406.4 seconds) and second (1,687.6 versus 2,011 seconds) trimesters. Greater mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration was seen in the ASD group versus the developmental delay group in the first trimester (12.5 versus 11.6 cm).