Infectious Diseases

Patrons of 'Vampire Facial' Spa May Have Been Exposed to HIV

September 17, 2018

In a vampire facial - popularized by Kim Kardashian and other celebrities - a patient's blood is drawn and then injected back into the face using micro-needles.

Final CDC Update on <i>Salmonella</i> Linked to Backyard Poultry

September 17, 2018

People who became ill said they got live chicks and ducklings from relatives and from businesses such as feed supply stores, websites, and hatcheries, the CDC said.

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

September 12, 2018

The researchers found that 72.8% of children had negative CXRs, with 8.9% of these children clinically diagnosed with pneumonia and 9.3% given antibiotics for other bacterial syndromes.

Positive Results for Zerbaxa in Phase 3 Study of Ventilated HABP, VABP Patients

By September 11, 2018

The full findings from the study will be presented at a future scientific conference; Merck plans to include the data in a supplemental New Drug Application for Zerbaxa which will be submitted to the Food and Drug Administration.

Influenza Caused Emirates Flight to Be Briefly Quarantined at JFK

September 11, 2018

New York City health officials say passengers had influenza or other common cold viruses

Patient's Black Hairy Tongue Linked to Antibiotic Therapy

By September 10, 2018

The case involved a 55-year-old female patient who had been admitted to the hospital after suffering injuries from a car accident.

NICU Antibiotic Use Rates Declined From 2013 to 2016

September 10, 2018

There was no correlation between the 2016 AUR and either proven infection or necrotizing enterocolitis. However, there was an association between the 2016 regional NICU AUR and surgical volume, mortality rate, and average length of stay

Southwest Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Measles

September 10, 2018

Officials say a passenger on 4 flights was later diagnosed with measles

Hospital Groups Launch Own Generic Drug Company

September 07, 2018

The company, Civica Rx, will start with 14 widely used hospital drugs

AAP Issues Updated Influenza Vaccine Recommendations

By September 06, 2018

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2017-2018 flu season was one of the most severe - excluding pandemics - on record.

Gaps in Prevention, Management of Tickborne Diseases Identified

September 06, 2018

Diagnostic and surveillance limitations and lack of treatment options, vaccines hamper efforts

Baloxavir Superior to Placebo for Alleviating Flu Symptoms

September 06, 2018

The time to symptom alleviation was similar for baloxavir and oseltamivir. Greater reductions in viral load were seen with baloxavir vs placebo or oseltamivir 1 day after initiation of the regimen.

130 Now Sickened by <i>Salmonella</i>-Tainted Honey Smacks Cereal

September 06, 2018

The cereal under recall includes Honey Smacks 15.3 oz. size with the UPC code of 3800039103 and a Best if Used by Date of JUN 14, 2018, through JUN 14, 2019.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rates Increasing Among Adolescents

September 05, 2018

The researchers found that coverage increased for 1 or more dose of HPV vaccine (60.4 to 65.5%), 1 or more dose of meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY; 82.2 to 85.1%), and 2 or more doses of MenACWY (39.1 to 44.3%) from 2016 to 2017.

CDC: Increase in Rate of STDs for Fourth Consecutive Year in US

September 05, 2018

Nearly 2.3 million total cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis diagnosed in the United States in 2017

USPSTF Reaffirms Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

September 04, 2018

Congenital syphilis can be prevented with effective treatment with antibiotics, significantly decreasing adverse pregnancy outcomes, with small associated harms.

FDA Approves Two New Oral Treatments for HIV-1 Infection

By August 31, 2018

Delstrigo is approved as a complete regimen whereas Pifeltro is to be administered in combination with other antiretrovirals.

FDA: Cases of Rare Gangrene of Genital Area Tied to Diabetes Drug Class

By August 30, 2018

The infection developed within several months of the patients starting SGLT2 therapy and the drug was discontinued in most cases. All patients required surgery and there was 1 reported death.

Partial Oral Abx Non-Inferior in Endocarditis on Left Side of Heart

August 30, 2018

he researchers found that the primary composite outcome of all-cause mortality, unplanned cardiac surgery, embolic events, or relapse of bacteremia with the primary pathogen occurred in 12.1 and 9% of patients in the intravenously and orally treated groups, respectively.

MICs of Isoniazid, Rifampin May Predict Tuberculosis Relapse

August 30, 2018

The researchers found that the mean MIC of isoniazid below the breakpoint was 0.0334 ± 0.0085µg/mL and 0.0286 ± 0.0092µg/mL in the relapse and cure groups, respectively.

CDC: Greater Awareness of Valley Fever Needed Nationally

August 29, 2018

Seven in 10 patients had another condition diagnosed before coccidioidomycosis testing occurred, of whom the vast majority (83%) were prescribed antibacterial medications, 43% were hospitalized, and 29% had culture-positive coccidioidomycosis.

Physicians Lack Knowledge About Serogroup MenB Vaccination

August 28, 2018

Vaccination was recommended by 91% of those who discussed often or always and by 11% of those who never or rarely discussed.

Xerava Approved for the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

By August 28, 2018

Eravacycline was well-tolerated in clinical trials and achieved high cure rates in patients with Gram-negative pathogens (including resistant strains).

CDC: Updated Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2018-2019

By August 23, 2018

In general, routine annual vaccination is recommended for all patients ≥6 months of age who have no contraindications.

1997 to 2015 Saw Increase in HIV Viral Suppression Rates

August 23, 2018

Lower odds of having detectable viral load for older adults and those using ISTI-based regimen

Catch-Up HPV Doses Effective to Age 21 Against Cervical Neoplasia

August 22, 2018

The strongest protection against CIN2+ was among women who had received at least 3 vaccine doses and had received their first dose at age 14 to 17 years (RR, 0.52) or age 18 to 20 years (RR, 0.65). In women 21 years or older at the time of first dose.

US Measles Outbreak Hits 107 Cases in 21 States, D.C.

August 20, 2018

This outbreak is on track to exceed last year's 118 reported cases in 15 states and the District of Columbia.

CDC: Brucellosis in Dogs Remains a Public Health Risk

August 17, 2018

The researchers found that brucellosis in dogs remains endemic to many parts of the world and will probably remain a threat to human health and animal welfare unless stronger intervention measures are implemented.

Ibalizumab Active in Multidrug Resistant HIV-1 Infection

August 16, 2018

The researchers found that 83% of the 40 patients in the intention-to-treat population had a decrease in viral load of at least 0.5 log10 copies per milliliter from baseline, with a mean viral-load decrease of 1.1 log10 copies per milliliter.

Prevalence of Antimicrobial-Contraindicated Drug Combo Prescribing Examined

By August 16, 2018

Researchers performed a cross-sectional study that included multiple year pooled data (2003 to 2011) from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS Outpatient Department).