Hypertension

Maternal Exposure to Polluted Air Tied to Elevated Child BP

May 14, 2018

The researchers found that when third trimester PM2.5 concentration was ≥13µg/m³, there was a sharp increase in offspring systolic blood pressure (SBP) percentile and risk for elevated BP.

Ob-Gyns Should Play Role in Reducing CVD Risk for Women

May 10, 2018

The authors note that most women consider their ob-gyn to be their primary care physician.

Folic Acid May Cut Stroke Risk in High-Risk Hypertensive Patients

May 08, 2018

The lowest rate of first stroke (3.3%) in the enalapril-alone group was seen among patients with high platelet count (PLT; quartiles 2 to 4) and low total homocysteine (tHcy) levels (<15µmol/L), whereas the highest rate of first stroke (5.6%) in this group was in patients with low PLT (quartile 1) and high tHcy (≥15µmol/L) levels.

Increase in HTN in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

April 25, 2018

"Clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in otherwise healthy U.S. children suggests that those whose BP was reclassified represent a high-risk population whose cardiovascular risk may previously have been underestimated," the authors write.

Controlling High Blood Pressure Could Prevent Dementia

April 24, 2018

The researchers found that 9% of participants developed dementia over a 24-year follow-up period. There was a significantly reduced risk of dementia among the 816 patients prescribed any antihypertensive medication compared to the 420 untreated hypertensive patients.

Stronger Link With Mortality for Ambulatory Versus Clinic BP

April 20, 2018

Ambulatory BP is a stronger predictor of all-cause, cardiovascular mortality than clinic measures

Carvedilol vs Metoprolol: Mortality Risk Examined Among Hemodialysis Patients

By April 18, 2018

Results showed that compared to metoprolol, those who initiated carvedilol had a greater all-cause (HR, 1.08; 95% CI,1.02-1.16) and cardiovascular mortality (HR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.08-1.29).

Certain RA Treatments Tied to Improvements in Blood Pressure

By April 18, 2018

For this study, researchers used the Veterans Affairs electronic medical record databases to identify unique dispensing of methotrexate, leflunomide, sulfasalazine, hydroxychloroquine, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, and prednisone in order to assess the effect of these treatments on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), as well as incident hypertension among RA patients.

Can Smartphone App Help Med Adherence in Hypertension?

April 18, 2018

The researchers found that the mean score on the Morisky medication adherence scale improved by 0.4 among intervention participants and remained unchanged among controls (between-group difference, 0.4; 95% confidence interval, 0.1 to 0.7; P=.01) after 12 weeks

Repeated BP Measures Linked to Drop in Initially Elevated BP

April 17, 2018

An advisory alert was introduced into the electronic health record to remind staff to remeasure BP when the initial reading was elevated (≥140/90mmHg)

Nut Consumption Associated With Reduced Risk of A-Fib

By April 17, 2018

"These findings suggest that nut consumption or factors associated with this nutritional behavior may play a role in reducing the risk of atrial fibrillation and possibly heart failure," the authors write.

Workplace Noise Exposure Affects Cardiovascular Risk Factors

April 12, 2018

High BP, elevated cholesterol, hearing problems more common among workers exposed to loud noise

CVD Burden Decreased From 1990 to 2016 Across U.S.

April 12, 2018

Twelve groups of risk factors drove trends, with the largest attributable CVD burden due to dietary risk exposures. In 16 states there were increases in risk-deleted CVD DALY rates between 2006 and 2016, indicating additional unmeasured risks.

Declines Seen in Cardiovascular Risk Factors From 1990 to 2010

April 12, 2018

The researchers found that men showed steady reductions in cardiovascular risk over the 20 years, while women experienced increased risk from 1990 to 2000 but decreased risk from 2000 to 2010.

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP &#60;120mmHg in Type 2 Diabetes

April 11, 2018

"Our findings support a SBP treatment target of 140mmHg and suspect no risk reduction attenuation on CVD for lower SBP targets," the authors write.

Adults More Inclined to Take Tea, Pill for Hypertension

April 09, 2018

Preferences indicate people would rather take daily pill or tea to prolong life rather than exercise.

Unique Vit B3 Formulation May Improve Blood Pressure, CV Health

By March 29, 2018

NR supplementation showed reductions in mean systolic blood pressure (SBP; mean change -3.9mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP; mean change -2.0mmHg) for all patients; these findings were not statistically significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons.

Add-On Antihypertensives Compared in Patients With Diabetes on ACEIs, ARBs

By March 28, 2018

The composite significant kidney event end point was defined as the first occurrence of ≥30% decline in eGFR to an eGFR <60mL/min/1.73m2, initiation of dialysis or kidney transplant.

Social Isolation, Loneliness May Increase AMI, Stroke Risk

March 27, 2018

The researchers found that 5,731 individuals had a first AMI and 3,471 had a first stroke over 7.1 years. Social isolation was associated with higher risk of AMI and stroke.

Medical Intervention in Barbershops Effective for BP Reduction

By March 12, 2018

The study recruited 319 men at 52 Los Angeles County barbershops.

Researchers Develop Smartphone Device to Measure Blood Pressure

By March 09, 2018

When the app is turned on, users press their fingertip against the sensor while the app informs them if the pressure being applied is requisite, and in turn the app provides the blood pressure reading.

Combination Hypertension Treatment Discontinued

By March 07, 2018

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has posted a discontinuation notice for Twynsta (telmisartan, amlodipine; Boehringer Ingelheim) 80mg/10mg tablets.

Antihypertensive Use During Delivery Evaluated Among Preeclamptic Women

February 15, 2018

The researchers found that overall, 105,409 women received a hypertensive agent. Receipt of oral labetalol increased from 20.3% in 2006 to 31.4 percent in 2014 for all patients with preeclampsia.

Treating Salt-Sensitive Hypertension: Antihypertensive Classes Compared

By February 14, 2018

SSH is an intermediate inherited phenotype of essential hypertension

Treating Endothelial Function May Target Root Disease in Marfan Syndrome

February 13, 2018

The researchers found that the MFS/ATR1a-null mice showed unabated aortic root enlargement and remained responsive to losartan, despite being hypotensive and resistant to AngII vasopressor effects.

Breastfeeding May Impact Maternal Hypertension Risk

February 09, 2018

Findings among Korean women evaluated for hypertension at postmenopausal age. Similarly, greater obesity and insulin resistance significantly weakened the protective effects of having breastfed for longer.

First-of-its-Kind Test to Monitor Cardiovascular Drug Adherence Available

By February 01, 2018

KardiAssure is a non-invasive and cost-effective urinalysis that provides physicians with clear, reliable, actionable information on patients' adherence to more than 50 cardiovascular medications.

Living kidney donation associated with some increased health risks

January 31, 2018

Living kidney donation was associated with higher diastolic blood pressure, lower estimated glomerular filtration rates, and increased relative risk of preeclampsia and end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Combo Tx Cuts Stroke Risk More Than BP, Cholesterol Drugs Alone

By January 25, 2018

The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study was a large, international study involving over 12,000 patients from 21 countries.