Drinking sugary beverages may result in an approximately 184,000 adult deaths every year, according to a study published in the journal Circulation.
Researchers from Tufts University estimated deaths and disabilities from diabetes, heart disease, and cancers in 2010 associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks. For the analysis, sugar-sweetened beverages were defined as any sugar-sweetened sodas, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened iced teas, or homemade sugary drinks (eg, frescas), that contained ≥50kcal per 8oz serving; 100% fruit juice was excluded.
Investigators estimated consumption based on 62 dietary surveys which included 611,971 individuals conducted between 1980-2010 across 51 countries, in addition to data on national availability of sugar in 187 countries and other information. The direct impact on diabetes and the obesity-related effects on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer were then calculated.
In 2010, approximately 133,000 deaths from diabetes, 45,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease, and 6,450 deaths from cancer may have been due to consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.
Demographically, the death percentage was <1% in Japanese adults aged >65 years, but 30% in Mexican adults aged <45 years. Mexico also had the highest death rate attributable to sugar-sweetened drinks with about 405 deaths per million adults and the U.S. was second with an estimated 125 deaths per million adults. The percent of chronic disease attributed to sugar-sweetened beverages was higher in younger adults than in older adults.
Researchers concluded if young adults continue to consume high levels of sugar-sweetened beverages as they get older, it may lead to higher death and disability rates from heart disease and diabetes.
For more information visit Tufts.edu.