According to new research published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, smokers who are addicted to cocaine or methamphetamine can quit smoking while being treated for their stimulant addiction, without interfering.
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The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reported that in 2008, 63% of people with substance use disorders also reported tobacco use. However, most substance abuse treatment programs do not address smoking cessation due to the concern that patients would drop out of the program altogether.
In this study, some patients dependent on cocaine and/or methamphetamine undergoing substance abuse treatment were randomized to also receive smoking cessation treatment.
Treatment included weekly counseling sessions and extended-release bupropion during Weeks 1–10. In addition, a nicotine inhaler and contingency management that awarded prizes were implemented Weeks 4–10.
Study results showed that smoking cessation significantly increased quit rates during treatment and at follow-up – all without negatively impacting participation in stimulant addiction treatment.
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