According to the 2015 Sleep in America Poll, stress and poor health are key factors in shorter sleep durations and worse sleep quality. Adults who said they have very good or excellent health and quality of life reported sleeping 18–23 minutes more on average in the past week than those who said they have good, fair, or poor health and quality of life.

The national, random-sample poll found that 21% of Americans reported chronic pain, 36% acute pain, and 43% no pain. Of those with no pain, 65% reported a good or very good sleep quality vs. 46% reported in those with acute pain and 36% of those with chronic pain.

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In general, there was an average 42 minute sleep “debt” in those suffering from chronic pain, and an average 14 minute sleep debt in those who have suffered from acute pain the past week. The survey further showed that about 1 in 4 people with chronic pain (23%) were diagnosed with a sleep disorder vs. 6% of all others. Higher stress levels were also reported in 23% of those with chronic pain vs. 7% of those without pain.

Authors conclude that getting just 15–30 minutes more sleep a night can make a difference in how people feel. Prioritizing sleep and setting a routine bedtime can improve quality of life for people living with chronic or acute pain.

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