HealthDay News — Sirolimus may be beneficial for patients with diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH), according to a research letter published online April 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Sylvain Marchand-Adam, MD, PhD, from Université François Rabelais in Tours, France, and colleagues describe the treatment of 3 women, aged 52, 53, and 61 years, who presented with exertional dyspnea. One had dyspnea stage 2, and two had dyspnea stage 3. Pathologic diagnosis of DIPNECH was confirmed in surgical lung biopsy in all three patients.
The researchers note that all 3 patients were treated with bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids. In all 3 patients there was a deterioration in lung function. The patients began treatment with oral sirolimus; after 1 year of treatment, there was improvement in exertional dyspnea in all 3 patients. The 2 patients with cough had remission. There was an improvement in forced expiratory volume in one second of 9, 7, and 8% of the predicted value. There was a decrease in nodal volume and air trapping in 2 patients and an increase in the third patient. The original dose of sirolimus was not tolerated, so the dose was decreased.
“We caution other clinicians with similar patients that further data on the safety and efficacy of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors are required before their use can be recommended for patients with DIPNECH syndrome,” the authors write.