Female physicians earn on average 26.5% less than their male counterparts, which in dollar terms corresponds to $91,284 less. The findings come from a physician compensation report by Doximity, the physician and advanced practice clinicians social network which boasts >70% of U.S. doctors as verified members.

The report is based on verified responses from 36,000 licensed physicians who practice at least 40 hours a week. The largest gender gaps in salary, by specialty, were identified in vascular surgery (20% less or $88,800); occupational medicine (20% less or $53,921); pediatric endocrinology (20% less or $41,467); gastroenterology (19% less or $78,490); and pediatric rheumatology (19% less or 45,412).

In general, lower cost areas tended to have higher physician compensation than higher cost ones. For all specialties and genders combined the average annual compensation for metro areas was highest in Charlotte, N. Carolina ($359,455); Bridgeport, Connecticut ($353,925); Phoenix, Arizona ($351,677); Milwaukee, Wisconsin ($345,831); and Houston, Texas ($345,079).

For primary care providers the top metro areas that had the highest overall compensation were Charlotte, N. Carolina ($285,109); Bridgeport, Connecticut ($279,138); Minneapolis, Minnesota ($272,610); Indianapolis, Indiana ($270,468); and Phoenix, Arizona ($268,869). 

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The lowest average annual compensation for metro areas was found in Durham, N. Carolina ($267,598); Ann Arbor, Michigan ($272,398); Baltimore, Maryland ($281,005); Charleston, S. Carolina ($285,933); and Washington, DC ($286,242).

“Disparities in compensation directly affect the distribution of physicians around the country, which can impact patient care directly,” said Chris Whaley, PhD, lead author of the study and adjunct assistant professor at UC Berkeley School of Public Health.

For more information visit Doximity.com.