Personal, Environmental Factors Involved in Adult Female Acne

HealthDay News — Factors that are associated with the appearance of acne in adult women include family history, personal history of acne, having no previous pregnancies, having hirsutism, and having a high level of psychological stress, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Anna Di Landro, MD, from Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital in Bergamo, Italy, and colleagues examined the role of personal and environmental factors in adult female acne in a multicenter case-control study. Data were included for 248 consecutive women aged ≥25 years with newly diagnosed acne of any grade and 270 females diagnosed with conditions other than acne.

In multivariate analysis, the researchers identified associations between acne in adulthood and a history of acne in parents or siblings (odds ratio [OR], 3.02 and 2.40, respectively), a history of acne during adolescence (OR, 5.44), having no previous pregnancies (OR, 1.71), having hirsutism (OR, 3.50), being an office worker versus being unemployed or being a housewife (OR, 2.24), and having a high level of reported psychological stress (OR, 2.95). Associations with acne were seen for low weekly intake of fruits or vegetables (OR, 2.33) and low consumption of fresh fish (OR, 2.76).

“Lifestyle factors may play an important role for acne development in adulthood, but their role should be further assessed in prospective studies,” the authors write.

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