Novel Risk Tool IDs Those at Risk for Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney Injury

kidney cross section
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Higher risk following elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair seen for patients with decreased renal function, women, and aneurysm greater than 6.9cm

HealthDay News — A novel risk assessment tool can be used preoperatively to identify patients at risk for contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) after elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), according to a study published online February 28 in the Annals of Vascular Surgery.

Drew J. Braet, MD, from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, and colleagues developed and validated a preprocedure CA-AKI risk stratification tool for elective EVAR patients. The derivation cohort included 7,043 patients, while the validation cohort included 62,986.

The researchers found that age (odds ratio [OR], 1.021), female sex (OR, 1.393), glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 30 mL/min (OR, 5.068), current smoking (OR, 1.942), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR, 1.402), maximum abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter (OR, 1.018), and presence of iliac artery aneurysm (OR, 1.352) were associated with increased odds of CA-AKI. The risk prediction calculator demonstrated a higher risk for CA-AKI after EVAR for patients with a GFR less than 30 mL/min, women, and patients with a maximum AAA diameter of greater than 6.9cm. Similarly, the validation cohort showed that GFR less than 30 mL/min (OR, 4.668), female sex (OR, 1.352), and maximum AAA diameter greater than 6.9cm (OR, 1.824) were associated with an increased risk for CA-AKI after EVAR.

“Prospective studies are needed to determine the efficacy of our model,” the authors write.

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