HealthDay News — HIV-infected adults have diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence of 10.3%, which is higher than general population adults, according to a study published in the January issue of BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.
Alfonso C. Hernandez-Romieu, MBBS, MPH, from the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University in Atlanta, and colleagues used nationally representative survey data from 2009 to 2010 from the Medical Monitoring Project (8,610 HIV-infected adults) and from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (5,604 adults) to compare the prevalence of DM.
The researchers found that the prevalence of DM was 10.3% in HIV-infected adults, which was 3.8% higher than in general population adults. Compared with general population adults, HIV-infected subgroups, including women, individuals aged 20 to 44 years, and non-obese individuals had increased DM prevalence (prevalence differences, 5.0, 4.1, and 3.5%, respectively). Among HIV-infected adults, factors associated with DM included age, duration of HIV infection, geometric mean CD4 cell count, and obesity.
“Given the large burden of DM among HIV-infected adults, additional research would help to determine whether DM screening guidelines should be modified to include HIV infection as a risk factor for DM and to identify optimal management strategies in this population,” the authors write.