(HealthDay News) – Vegetable consumption significantly reduces the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.

Viktor Oskarsson, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, and colleagues analyzed food-frequency questionnaires for 80,019 women and men, aged 46–84 years. Incidence of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis was followed for 12 years. Participants were grouped into quintiles according to fruit and vegetable consumption.

The researchers found that over the study period there were 320 incident cases (216 men and 104 women) of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis. There was a significant inverse linear dose-response association between vegetable consumption and risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis, with a significant 17% risk reduction for every two additional servings consumed per day (relative risk [RR], 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70–0.98). Among participants consuming more than one alcoholic drink per day and among those with body mass index ≥25kg/m² the RR for the highest compared with the lowest quintile of vegetable consumption was 0.29 (95% CI, 0.13–0.67) and 0.49 (95% CI, 0.29–0.85), respectively. There was no significant association between fruit consumption and the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.

“Vegetable consumption, but not fruit consumption, may play a role in the prevention of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis,” the authors write.

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