(HealthDay News) — Strokes at a young age leave many young adults with long-lasting disability, according to a study published online February 27 in Stroke.

Nathalie E. Synhaeve, MD, from the Radboud University Medical Center in Nijmegen, Netherlands, and colleagues assessed functional outcomes in 722 first-ever young stroke patients (1980–2010). The Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (iADL) scale were used to assess outcomes.

Using the mRS, the researchers found that over a mean follow-up of 9.1 years, 32.0% of patients had a poor functional outcome. These outcomes varied by stroke type: 36.5% for ischemic stroke, 49.3% for intracerebral hemorrhage, and 16.8% for transient ischemic attack. Using the iADL scale, the corresponding percentages for poor outcomes were 14.6, 18.2, and 10.8%.

“Ten years after ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage in young adults, one of eight survivors is still dependent in daily life,” the authors write.

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