(HealthDay News) – Skipping breakfast and eating late at night are associated with a higher risk of developing coronary heart disease, according to a study published in the July 23 issue of Circulation.
Leah E. Cahill, PhD, from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues assessed eating habits in 26,902 American male health professionals (45–82 years old) in 1992 who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
During 16 years of follow up, the researchers identified 1,527 incident cases of coronary heart disease. Skipping breakfast was associated with a significantly higher risk of coronary heart disease (relative risk [RR], 1.27), although the risk was attenuated after adjusting for additional factors (RR, 1.18). Similarly, eating late at night was associated with a significantly higher risk of coronary heart disease (RR, 1.55), with an attenuation of risk after adjusting for additional factors (RR, 1.41). There was no association found between eating frequency and coronary heart disease.
“Eating breakfast was associated with significantly lower coronary heart disease risk in this cohort of male health professionals,” Cahill and colleagues conclude.