(HealthDay News) – Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for metabolic syndrome, according to a review and meta-analysis published in the Sept. 19 issue of Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.

Francesco Bartoli, MD, PhD, from the University of Milano-Bicocca in Milan, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to examine the correlation between PTSD and metabolic syndrome. Six observational studies that assessed the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a sample of 528 individuals with PTSD and in a group of 846 controls without PTSD were included.

The researchers found that for individuals with PTSD, the pooled odds ratio for metabolic syndrome was 1.37. There was low statistical heterogeneity between the included studies (I²=22%).

“Despite some limitations, the findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis confirmed our hypothesis that individuals suffering from PTSD have a greater risk of metabolic syndrome,” the authors write. “Future research should assess longitudinally the impact of screening, prevention, and treatment measures on individuals suffering from PTSD in terms of improvement of health status and life expectancy.”

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