(HealthDay News) — Men who eat moderate amounts of processed red meat may have an increased risk of heart failure, according to research published online June 12 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

Joanna Kaluza, PhD, of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, and colleagues assessed the effects of processed and unprocessed meat consumption on incidence of heart failure and related mortality. The study consisted of a prospective, population-based cohort of 37,035 men aged 45–79 years.

In both age-adjusted and multivariable-adjusted models, the researchers observed a significant positive association between consumption of processed meat and risk of heart failure. Compared with men who consumed <25g of processed meat per day, those who consumed ≥75g of processed meat per day had higher risks of incidence of heart failure (hazard ratio [HR], 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–1.48; P-trend=0.01) and heart failure-related mortality (HR, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.52–3.88; P-trend<0.001). No association was found between consumption of unprocessed meat and increased risk of heart failure incidence or mortality.

“Findings from this prospective study of men with low-to-moderate red meat consumption indicate that processed red meat consumption, but not unprocessed red meat, is associated with an increased risk of heart failure,” the authors write.

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