(HealthDay News) – Patients who undergo endoscopic forehead-lift procedures report high satisfaction and lasting results, according to research published in the September/October issue of the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.
Nikolaos A. Papadopulos, MD, PhD, of the Munich Technical University, and colleagues conducted a retrospective review of the quantitative and qualitative long-term results of 143 patients who underwent an endoscopic forehead-lift procedure during a 13-year period between 1994 and 2007.
Responses were received for 69% of patients, with a mean follow-up of 38 months. According to the researchers, the patients reported high satisfaction (7.1 out of 10). After surgery, the mean midpupil-to-eyebrow elevation was 5.6mm in a relaxed position, with significant eyebrow symmetry between the eyes. Time had a significant influence on persistent eyebrow elevation, with an almost 1mm decrease per year. There were no relevant differences in measurements during muscle contraction.
“In conclusion, the majority of the patients undergoing endoscopic forehead-lift are highly satisfied, and long lasting results are achieved with a mean midpupil-to-eyebrow elevation of 5.6mm in a relaxed position after 5.5 years,” the authors write. “However, further additional prospective studies for evaluation of long-term results on a larger number of patients, as well as long-term evaluations of different fixation techniques and in comparison with the coronal approach, are needed.”