(HealthDay News) — Physical resistance training (PRT) is associated with significant improvement in sexual function among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online May 18 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Lúcia Alves Silva Lara, M.D., Ph.D., from the Ribeirão Preto Medical School at the University of São Paulo in Brazil, and colleagues examined sexual function and emotional status in women with PCOS after PRT. Data were included from 43 women with PCOS and 51 control ovulatory women, aged 18 to 37 years, all of whom underwent a supervised PRT protocol for 16 weeks.

The researchers found that, of the women with PCOS, 69.70 and 58.54 percent, respectively, had Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) scores of ≤26.55 at baseline and after PRT (P = 0.08). For control women, 62.7 and 52.9 percent, respectively, had FSFI scores <26.55 at baseline and after PRT (P = 0.06). Significant improvement was noted in the pain domain score in control women after PRT (P < 0.03). Significant increases were seen in total score, and in the desire, excitement, and lubrication domains after PRT (all P < 0.01) in PCOS women. After versus before PRT, significantly fewer women in the PCOS group were at risk for depression (P < 0.01) and anxiety (P < 0.02).

“PRT significantly enhanced total score and the desire, excitement, and lubrication domains of the FSFI in PCOS women,” the authors write.

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