(HealthDay News) — Many newborns are at risk on their first trip home from the hospital because their parents install or use car safety seats incorrectly, according to research findings presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), held from October 11–14 in San Diego.
Researchers looked at 267 families with newborns and found that 93% made at least one major mistake in positioning their infant in a car safety seat or when installing the seat in a vehicle.
The most common mistakes in positioning newborns included the safety seat harness being too loose (69%), retainer clip too low (34%), use of an after-market product not approved with the seat (20%), harness too high (18%), and not knowing how to adjust the harness (15%). The most common safety seat installation errors were installed too loosely (43%), incorrect angle (36%), safety belt used but not locked (23%), and incorrect spacing between safety seat and vehicle front seat (17%). Families most likely to make one or more major car safety seat mistakes were poorer, had less education, were not white, did not speak English, and were unmarried or without a partner. Families who had consulted with a certified car safety seat technician were 13 times more likely to install and use the seat correctly.
“Car safety seats can be difficult to use correctly for many families, and we need to provide the resources and services they need to help ensure the safest possible travel for newborns and all children,” study author Benjamin Hoffman, MD, medical director of the Tom Sargent Children’s Safety Center at Doernbecher Children’s Hospital in Portland, OR., said in an AAP news release. “We need to move beyond the idea that we cannot afford to develop and support child passenger safety programs. Car crashes kill more kids that any other cause; we can’t afford not to.”