(HealthDay News) — Only one in five sexually active U.S. teens have been tested for HIV, a new government report shows. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, which looked at data from 1991–2013, is to be presented July 23 at AIDS 2014, the International AIDS Conference, held from July 20–25 in Melbourne, Australia.
The report is based on data from the CDC’s National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which is a nationally representative survey done every two years among public and private school students in grades 9–12. The CDC researchers found that females and black students were more likely to be tested than males and other racial/ethnic groups.
Although the number of black and Hispanic teens who have had sexual intercourse has dropped, that trend has stalled among whites and boys, the researchers noted. In addition, there has been a consistent decline in the number of black and Hispanic teens who had multiple sexual partners, but this number increased among white teens since 2009. And after years of increased condom use, that has dropped among sexually active girls and black teens, but is stable among boys and white and Hispanic teens, the researchers found.
The CDC recommends that teens and adults aged 13–64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine medical care.