(HealthDay News) – Over the last 10 years there has been an increase in the number of emergency department visits for sports-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children, but no increase in the percentage of children admitted, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Pediatrics.
Holly R. Hanson, MD, from the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, and colleagues conducted a retrospective study involving children aged 0–19 years at a level 1 trauma center to examine trends in the number and severity of admissions for pediatric patients with emergency department visits for sports-related TBI. Patients with a primary or secondary diagnosis of TBI from 2002–2011 were included in the study.
The authors found that sport was responsible for 3,878 cases during the study period. Of these, 90.4% were discharged from the hospital and 9.6% were admitted. Over the study period there was a 92% increase in emergency department visits for sports-related TBIs, but there was no significant change in the percentage of children admitted. Those admitted had a significant decrease in the mean injury severity score, from 7.8 to 4.8, and the length of stay trended downward (P=0.05).
“The percentage of children being admitted from the emergency department with sports-related TBI has not changed over the past 10 years,” the authors write.