(HealthDay News) – Couples seeking fertility care face high out-of-pocket (OOP) costs that vary according to which type of treatment they select, according to research published in The Journal of Urology.

Alex K. Wu, MD, of the University of California in San Francisco, and colleagues interviewed couples seeking fertility care and asked them to complete cost diaries to assess their direct OOP costs.

The researchers found that, among a total of 332 couples, 55% underwent in vitro fertilization, 22% underwent intrauterine insemination, 19% received non-cycle based therapy, and 4% used ovulation induction medication only. The median overall OOP cost was $5,338. Median OOP expenses ranged from $912 for medication only to $19,234 for in vitro fertilization. Each additional in vitro fertilization cycle cost about $6,955. No significant association between OOP expense and successful pregnancy was found following multivariate adjustment.

“Communicating these costs clearly with patients at the onset of fertility care can help them prepare for treatment and make informed decisions about their options,” the authors write.

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