(HealthDay News) – In older adults, diabetes correlates with slower walking speed, and diabetes-linked reductions in muscle strength and worse muscle quality contribute to these walking limitations.
Stefano Volpato, MD, MPH, from the University of Ferrara in Italy, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 835 participants (aged >65 years; diabetes prevalence, 11.4%) enrolled in a population-based study. Peripheral quantitative computerized tomography was used to assess total, muscular, and fat cross-sectional areas of the calf and relative muscle density. Knee extension torque, ankle plantar flexion and dorsiflexion strength, lower extremity muscle power, and ankle muscle quality were used as indicators of muscle performance. Gait was measured by the 4m and 400m walking speed tests.
The researchers found that participants with diabetes had significantly lower muscle density, knee and ankle strength, and muscle power, as well as worse muscle quality, after adjustment for age and gender. Participants with diabetes were significantly slower on both the 4m and 400m walking tests. In the 4m and 400m tests, lower limb muscle characteristics accounted for 24.3 and 15.1%, respectively, of the difference in the walking speed between individuals with and without diabetes.
“In older persons, diabetes is associated with reduced muscle strength and worse muscle quality,” the authors write.