(HealthDay News) – Lifestyle advice for patients with diabetes should be similar to that given to people without diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 13 in Diabetologia.
Diewertje Sluik, PhD, from the German Institute of Human Nutrition in Nuthetal, and colleagues evaluated lifestyle factors and mortality risk in a cohort of 6,384 people with diabetes and 258,911 people without known diabetes participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study.
The researchers found that adjusted mortality risk among individuals with diabetes was increased, with a hazard ratio of 1.62, compared to those without diabetes. There was a lower mortality risk associated with intake of fruit, legumes, nuts, seeds, pasta, poultry, and vegetable oil, while intake of butter and margarine was related to an increased mortality risk. The magnitude of these associations significantly differed from those in diabetes-free individuals, but directions were similar. There were no other differences in lifestyle factors between the two groups.
“Diabetes status did not substantially influence the associations between lifestyle and mortality risk,” the authors write.