(HealthDay News) — For infants with atopic dermatitis, topical application of human breast milk has the same efficacy as hydrocortisone 1% ointment, according to a study published online February 2 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

Hengameh Kasrae, from the Arak University of Medical Sciences in Iran, and colleagues examined the short-term efficacy of topical application of human breast milk vs. hydrocortisone 1% ointment in infants with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis. Infants with diagnosed atopic dermatitis within a pediatric unit were randomized to receive human breast milk or hydrocortisone.

The researchers found that at days zero, seven, 14, and 21, there were no significant differences between the groups. The interventions in both groups demonstrated similar effects.

“The results of the present study suggest that the human breast milk can improve infant atopic eczema with the same results as 1% hydrocortisone ointment,” the authors write. “We recommend the use of human breast milk for curing infant atopic eczema due to its healing effect and availability.”

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)