(HealthDay News) — For patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty under local anesthesia, handholding and providing spoken information correlate with reduced patient anxiety, according to a study published online September 1 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.
Bong-Hee Kim, RN, from Chosun University in Gwangju, South Korea, and colleagues conducted a study with a quasi-experimental design and a nonequivalent control group to examine the effects of handholding and spoken information for patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty under local anesthesia. Ninety-four patients were included and assigned to either Experimental Group I (30 patients), who received handholding and spoken information; Experimental Group II (34 patients), who received handholding only; or a control group (30 patients).
The researchers found that, compared with Experimental Group II and the control group, Experimental Group I had lower psychological anxiety. Significant decreases in systolic blood pressure were seen in both experimental groups versus the control group.
“Handholding and spoken information provided during a surgical intervention to mitigate psychological anxiety, and handholding to mitigate physiological anxiety can be used in nursing interventions with patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty,” the authors write.