(HealthDay News) — For children and adolescents, peer victimization is associated with increased odds of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, with cyberbullying more strongly linked to suicidal ideation, according to a meta-analysis published online March 10 in JAMA Pediatrics.
Mitch van Geel, PhD, from Leiden University in the Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis to examine the correlation between peer victimization and suicidal ideation or suicide attempts. The correlation between peer victimization and suicidal ideation was examined in 34 studies with 284,375 participants, while nine studies involving 70,102 participants reported on the correlation with suicide attempts.
The researchers found that, among children and adolescents, peer victimization correlated with both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts (odds ratios, 2.23 and 2.55, respectively). Publication bias did not explain these results, and they were not moderated by sex, age, or study quality. Compared with traditional bullying, cyberbullying was more strongly linked to suicidal ideation.
“This meta-analysis establishes that peer victimization is a risk factor of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts,” the authors write. “Efforts should continue to identify and help victims of bullying, as well as to create bullying prevention and intervention programs that work.”