(HealthDay News) — Antihypertensive medications are associated with an increased risk of serious fall injuries in the elderly, particularly among those with previous fall injuries, according to a study published online February 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Mary E. Tinetti, MD, from the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, CN, analyzed data from a cohort of 4,961 community-living adults (>70 years) with hypertension participating in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services claims data were used to determine serious fall injuries, including hip and other major fractures, traumatic brain injuries, and joint dislocations.
The researchers found that 14.1% received no antihypertensive medications; 54.6% received moderate-intensity antihypertensives; and 31.3% received high-intensity antihypertensives. Over the three years of follow-up, 446 participants (9.0%) experienced serious fall injuries. For a serious fall, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.40 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03–1.90) in the moderate-intensity and 1.28 (95% CI, 0.91–1.80) in the high-intensity antihypertensive groups, compared with nonusers. Difference in adjusted HRs across the groups did not reach statistical significance; however, results were similar in the propensity score-matched subcohort. There were 503 participants with a previous fall injury, and among them, the adjusted HRs were 2.17 (95% CI, 0.98–4.80) for the moderate-intensity and 2.31 (95% CI, 1.01–5.29) for the high-intensity antihypertensive groups.
“The potential harms versus benefits of antihypertensive medications should be weighed in deciding to continue treatment with antihypertensive medications in older adults with multiple chronic conditions,” the authors write.
One author disclosed financial ties to Medtronic.