(HealthDay News) – A total of 16.2% of individuals who received a diagnosis of HIV in the 46 US states and five US territories in 2007–2010 were born outside the United States.
Adria Tassy Prosser, PhD, from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues used data from the National HIV Surveillance System to describe the epidemiology of cases of HIV diagnosed in the United States from 2007–2010 among individuals born outside the United States and among US-born individuals.
The researchers found that, in the study period, HIV was diagnosed in 191,697 US individuals, of whom 30,995 (16.2%) were born outside the United States. Among 25,255 individuals with a specified place of birth outside the United States, 14.5% were from Africa, 41% from Central America, and 21.5% from the Caribbean. The highest numbers of individuals born outside the United States and diagnosed with HIV were found in California, Florida, New York, and Texas, which were the top four reporters of HIV overall. A total of 73.5% of those born outside the United States and diagnosed with HIV were male. Overall, 3.3% of whites, 10% of blacks, 42.2% of Hispanics, and 64.3% of Asians diagnosed with HIV were born outside the United States. More individuals born outside the United States were infected through heterosexual contact compared with US-born individuals (39.4% vs 27.2%).
“These findings demonstrate the diversity of the HIV-infected population born outside the United States, presenting many clinical and public health challenges,” the authors write.