While health officials emphasize that infection by both Staphylococcus aureus sepsis and EV-D68 is extremely rare, it may cause very severe illness in both children and adults. The role of EV-D68 in this death, as well as the other two patients with confirmed EV-D68 who have died, remains unknown.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state public health laboratories have confirmed a total of 472 people from 41 states and the District of Columbia with respiratory illness caused by EV-D68. Recently nine cases of acute neurologic illness, particularly limb weakness, have been associated with EV-D68 in children. There is currently no antiviral treatment and no vaccine.
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