A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report estimates that 20–40% of deaths from the five leading causes are preventable. The CDC points to modifiable risk factors as being largely responsible for these causes of death, which include heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries, cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), and chronic lower respiratory diseases.
These five leading causes of death accounted for 63% of all deaths in the U.S. during 2010 and varied based on state. Using the rate from the states with the lowest numbers for these types of deaths, the CDC estimates that if all states had the lowest death rate observed for each cause, these number of premature deaths would be reduced by:
- 34% of premature deaths from heart diseases, prolonging about 92,000 lives
- 21% of premature cancer deaths, prolonging about 84,500 lives
- 39% of premature deaths from chronic lower respiratory diseases, prolonging about 29,000 lives
- 33% of premature stroke deaths, prolonging about 17,000 lives
- 39% of premature deaths from unintentional injuries, prolonging about 37,000 lives
Risk factors that contribute to these causes of death that are modifiable include:
- Heart disease risks including tobacco use, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, poor diet, overweight, and lack of physical activity
- Cancer risks including tobacco use, poor diet, lack of physical activity, overweight, sun exposure, certain hormones, alcohol, some viruses and bacteria, ionizing radiation, and certain chemicals and other substances
- Chronic respiratory disease risks including tobacco smoke, second-hand smoke exposure, other indoor air pollutants, outdoor air pollutants, allergens, and exposure to occupational agents
- Stroke risks including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, overweight, previous stroke, tobacco use, alcohol use, and lack of physical activity
- Unintentional injury risks including lack of seatbelt use, lack of motorcycle helmet use, unsafe consumer products, drug and alcohol use (including prescription drug misuse), exposure to occupational hazards, and unsafe home and community environments
While many of these risks could be altered with personal behavioral changes, others are due to inequalities in social, demographic, environmental, economic, and geographic areas of work and living. The elimination of these such health disparities is outlined in the Healthy People 2020 initiative to improve health nationwide.
For more information call (800) 232-4636 or visit CDC.gov.