(HealthDay News) – For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), pretreatment with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is linked with reduced incidence of the no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published online April 10 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.
To investigate the role of early ARB treatment in the development of no-reflow after infarction, Tau Hu, from Xijing Hospital in Xi’an, China, and colleagues followed 276 patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI. No-reflow was evaluated by the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count method using angiographic images collected after PCI and stenting, with a TIMI flow grade <3 indicative of no-reflow.
In the 51 patients receiving chronic ARB before admission, the researchers found a reduced incidence of no-reflow compared to those not receiving ARB treatment (8.7% vs. 26.7%; P=0.003). There was no significant difference in the incidence of the no-reflow phenomenon for patients with and without hypertension. ARB pretreatment, but not blood pressure, was a significant predictor of no-reflow.
“Chronic pretreatment of ARB is associated with the reduction of the no-reflow phenomenon in patients with reperfused AMI and could preserve microvascular integrity after AMI independent of blood pressure lowering, which may contribute to better functional recovery,” the authors write.