Inhaled Treprostinil and Lung Function in Patients With PH-ILD and PAH

pulmonary hypertension x ray
PAH, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension, CTEPH
A post-hoc analysis compared lung function changes in the INCREASE and TRIUMPH trials of inhaled treprostinil for PH-ILD and PAH.

The following article features coverage from CHEST 2021, being held virtually from October 17 to October 20, 2021. Click here to read more of MPR‘s conference coverage.

Improvements in lung disease may be responsible for a greater response to inhaled treprostinil (iTre) in patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with interstitial lung disease (PH-ILD) compared with patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), according to a poster presentation for the CHEST 2021 Annual Meeting. The meeting is being held October 17 to 20, both live in Orlando, FL, and virtually.

Nathan and colleagues performed a post-hoc analysis to compare lung function changes from use of iTre in a study that involved patients with PH-ILD (INCREASE, n=326) and a study that involved patients with PAH (TRIUMPH, n=235). Baseline characteristics varied between the studies in that INCREASE patients were older and had a shorter mean 6-minute walk distance, the median percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC) in INCREASE and TRIUMPH were 60% and 82%, and the percent predicted forced exhalation volume in one second (FEV1) were 63% and 76%, respectively. The investigators found that at Week 8 and 16 in the INCREASE study, percent predicted FVC increased by 0.8% and 1.1% in the iTre group and decreased by 1.0% and 0.7% in the placebo arm, while there was no significant treatment difference for week 12 FVC in the TRIUMPH study (1.1%, P=.40). The percent predicted FEV1 decreased in both studies, but treatment differences were not significant.

The investigators suggested that the significant improvements observed in percentage predicted FVC in PH-ILD patients and not in PAH patients may be attributed to mechanistic improvements in lung disease rather than improved pulmonary hypertension, which may provide evidence of treprostinil’s antifibrotic effects.

“The results of this post-hoc analysis suggest that PFT response to iTre in the INCREASE study may not be solely due to improved vascular compliance,” the investigators concluded. They added, “Prospective studies in patients with ILD are needed to investigate the antifibrotic effects of inhaled treprostinil.”

Disclosure: Some study authors declared affiliations with biotech, pharmaceutical, and/or device companies. Please see the original reference for a full list of authors’ disclosures.


Nathan S, Tapson V, Ramani G, et al. Comparison of effects of inhaled treprostinil on lung function in patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with interstitial lung disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension. CHEST. 2021;160(45):Suppl 2244A-2246A. DOI:

This article originally appeared on Pulmonology Advisor