Pharmacotherapy is commonly used for the treatment of headache and migraine, but recent FDA approvals for medical devices such as the the SpringTMS, which uses single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) to induce very mild electrical currents that depolarize neurons in the brain, and Cefaly, the first transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) device for the preventative treatment of migraine headaches, indicate other non-pharmacological options are available. While these devices may be new to the market, the concept of using electrical stimulation dates back to 18th century. Historically, there have been many non-drug treatments that have been used to alleviate headache and migraine pain; these are some of the more unique ‘treatments’, many of which healthcare practitioners would probably want to leave in the past.

Cefaly TENS device