Dose, how supplied, cost

Taurine is most commonly found as a tablet or powder-filled capsule. It is widely available. Dose levels vary widely, depending on the condition being treated and the patient’s medical profile. Divided doses of 2 g to 6 g daily have been well-tolerated.

Due to the relatively large range of doses for taurine, the cost of a month’s supply ranges from $20 to $50.

Dietary sources of taurine are almost exclusively meats and fish, but nutritional data indicate that most Americans do not ingest enough of these foods on a daily basis to supply necessary amounts of taurine.8


Summary

The number of different vitamin and herbal supplements available today is large, and it is not often that one is identified with almost no ‘down side.’ Taurine is possibly one such supplement.

Although only a few of its benefits were mentioned here, its implications for cellular physiology are very intriguing. With the proper safety and medication reviews, taurine could well have a place in primary care providers’ list of beneficial supplements.

References

  1. Taurine. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Web site. Updated October 6, 2015. Available at naturaldatabase.therapeuticresearch.com/nd/Search.aspx?cs=&s=ND&pt=100&sh=3&id=1024
  2. Boukenooghe T, Remacle C, Reusens B. Is taurine a functional nutrient? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care.2006;9(6):728-733.
  3. Burrows T, Pursey K, Neve M, Stanwell P. What are the health implications associated with the consumption of energy drinks? A systematic review. Nut Rev. 2013. 71(3): 135-148.
  4. Peacock A, Martin FH, Carr A. Energy drink ingredients: Contribution of caffeine and taurine to performance outcomes. Appetite. 2013;64:1-4.
  5. Higgins JP, Tuttle TD, Higgins CL. Energy beverages: Content and safety. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010. 85(11):1033-1041.
  6. Beyranvand MR, Khalafi MK, Roshan VD, Choobineh S, Parsa SA, Piranfar MA. Effect of taurine supplementation on exercise capacity of patients with heart failure. J Cardiol. 2011;57(3):333-337.
  7. Zhang M, Izumi I, Kagamimori S, et al. Role of taurine supplementation to prevent exercise-induced oxidative stress in healthy young men. Amino Acids. 2004;26(2):203-207.
  8. Spitze AR, Wong DL, Rogers QR, Fascetti AJ. Taurine concentrations in animal feed ingredients; cooking influences taurine content. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2003;87(7-8):251-262.

All electronic documents accessed October 6, 2015.

This article originally appeared on Clinical Advisor